Islam: A Very Short Introduction offers essential insight into the structure and Malise Ruthven answers fundamental questions about the nature and scope of. Page i Islam A Very Short Introduction Malise Ruthven is a lecturer in comparative religion, specializing in Islamic affairs, at the University of Aberdeen. Malise Ruthven’s Very Short Introduction contains essential insights into issues such How must Islam adapt as it confronts the modern world?.

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During the year CEthe Year of Delegation — smost of the tribes submit; the remaining pagans are allowed the four trucial months in which to make up their minds.

Islam: A Very Short Introduction – Very Short Introductions

Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. In one of the earliest passages of the Quran revealed to the Prophet in Mecca ‘God’ — speaking through Muhammad — curses Muhammad’s chief Quraishi opponent, Abu Lahab, for his persistent opposition, and predicts for him a roasting in hell Quran In countries lacking effective democratic institutions the mosque and the network of activities surrounding it can enjoy a degree of immunity.

Ruthven, however, takes maliss brief to be elucidating a distinction between Islam and Islamism, the former being the religion proper and the latter being that religion’s encounter with political, legal and social impetuses toward modernization and the subsequent conflict that ensues, both within Islamic communities themselves and between those communities and the outside world.

At the other end of the spectrum a group known as the Murjia, whose best-known spokesman was Abu Hanifa, founder of the most liberal of the schools of law, argued that anyone making the profession of faith the Shahada was a Muslim: Yet from the very first, according to Islam’s sacred narrative, that terrestrial unity is compromised by the Muslims themselves. The official reason for his execution was his teaching that the pilgrimage maalise Mecca ‘The Sufis teach that the natural love of humans for each other is necessary to show one the way to the love of God.

Islam: A Very Short Introduction – Malise Ruthven – Oxford University Press

There is no coherent narrative structure. I found myself looking up words – which is normally a fine thing, but when you’re learning a new subject it’s best to be in language you are familiar with.


Here, even to the sceptic, chronology conforms to theology. Muhammad’s relations with the Jews of Medina are as crucial for the maalise of early Islam as his relations with the pagan Quraish. Now a full-time writer, he is currently working on Fundamentalism: For the most part, the book delivered on that, presenting what appears to be a balanced review of the religion and its history.

The state was thus something which sat on top of society, not something which was rooted jslam it: The absolute insistence that it is Unicity above all that defines divinity appears in striking, if ironic, contrast with the disunity observable in the Muslim world.

May 11, Justin Tapp rated it liked it Shelves: Islam features widely in the news, often in its most militant versions, but few people in the non-Muslim world really understand the nature of Islam. It’s admittedly sometimes tough to wade shorh, mostly because nearly every other noun in the book stems from an Arabic word and therefore is hard to pronounce and contains an apostrophe or two.

The caravans that stopped there were making a detour because of the city’s holiness. What mattered was not so much vety plausibility or coherence of the story but the reliability of the sources. Islamism is not Islam.

Can women find fulfillment in Islamic societies? Sometimes he receives messages to convey to the people, or receives commands or exhortations intended for them; sometimes he is directly addressed as the representative of the people, or he receives commands and exhortations intended for them; at other times special exhortations and directions for his own conduct are addressed to him; and at times he steps, as it were, across the line, and facing round upon the people conveys the divine commands and exhortations directly to them.

He briefly touches on the theology of the Ayatollah Khomenei as well as the Sayyid Qutub, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood and violent jihad in Egypt. A Very Short In The crisis many Muslims are facing in adjusting to the shorr of the contemporary world is not the result of some inherent lack of flexibility in the realm of ideas. Activists seeking to ‘Islamize’ their societies, bringing them more closely into line with what they perceive to be Islamic law, ignore the centuries of nuanced and qualifying scholarship by which the ‘ulama reconciled the demands of the divine law with the realities of political power and the exigencies of introductino life.


The narrative context in which it occurredthe career of Muhammadwas something futhven had to be reconstructed in order to approach its multiple meanings.

Islam: A Very Short Introduction

But they also acquire a distinctively religious colouring as the issue of leadership and authority is perceived as necessary to salvation. See and discover other items: There are many historical precedents for movements of religious revival challenging and sometimes taking power in Islamic countries before the colonial and post-colonial international order brought most of the world into its economic and cultural orbit.

Satan is punished for his refusal to bow down sort Adam; and though Adam sins, as in the biblical story, by eating of the forbidden fruit, he repents and is soon restored to favour as God’s deputy or vice-regent khalifathe first prophet in the line of prophets that culminates in Muhammad. Indeed, the word Islam in Arabic means “self-surrender” and is closely ruthben to salaamthe word for peace. But there are many Quranic passages that lend themselves to a mystical interpretation, most famously a verse in the Sura of Light God reveals himself, not in a Person, but in what becomes a Text, the words of which are regarded by most Muslims as divine in themselves.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. Analogical or syllogistic reasoning takes place, which some schools of Islam reject. There is no clear ‘pecking order’ among the Sunni ‘ulama: The author, incorrectly in my view, contrasts the sexual pleasure of the Koran and Islam with the asceticism of the Christian church.