Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind is a non-fiction book by American psychologist Gary Marcus. A “kluge” is a patched-together. May 30, Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus pp, Faber, £ Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string. Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Gary Marcus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pages, ISBN: (hbk); $

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Computers are designed, minds have evolved. Originally Posted at http: Generally, the more recent the event, the more vivid the memory.

Trial-and-error evolution

Perhaps it isn’t biological evolution to be blamed here, but the injustices of the social order within which human biological evolution is occurring. On another level, his purpose in writing this book is jind poke a hole in the arguments of starry-eyed evolutionary psychologists, who believe that every aspect of our psychology can be discovered to have an underlying adaptive basis.

Hardcoverpages. The Panda has no thumb, but it has a wrist bone it has more or less successfully evolved to use for the purpose.

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind

When tired and stressed we fall back on the reflexive system, which is why we are susceptible to choosing unhealthy foods when tired. He would’ve given homo sapiens memory like a computer’s, what he calls “postal code memory,” in which each memory is at a specific address off the brain.

Therefore, Socrates was mortal. It’s my second favorite organ! Sep 24, Bill rated it did not like it.

Kluge (book) – Wikipedia

While you have some personality weaknesses, you are generally able to te for them. Props for talking a bit about evolution, but it wasn’t especially deep.


More problematic is that he’s not really inclined to draw what would seem to be the obvious inference of his argument: To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. According to Marcus, a kluge is an effective, but inelegant solution to a problem. This is a book where if you are paying close enough attention you might see yourself over and over again. Jun 28, Robert rated it constructino liked it. To be human, therefore, means to be quintessentially ‘imperfect’: He is also the editor of The Norton Psychology Reader, and the author of numerous science publications in leading journals, such as Science, Nature, Cognition, and Psychological Science.

While evolution does lead to supremely well-designed and efficient organisms and biological processes, it also leads to a lot of junk. The ideal of ‘perfection’ is our greatest illusion.

Review: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus | Books | The Guardian

The best bit of this is the last bit where he goes through the thr of things that one ought to do not to be too fooled by our makeshift minds towards the end. If all the above issues sounds heavy-handed and difficult and perhaps they are Marcus writes in a clear, compassionate, and illuminating way, using readily accessible language which no one would have difficulty understanding.

And now Gary Marcus comes along to explain that the brain is just a patched-together mass of cells that rarely interact smoothly. More importantly, none of them can be perfect, precisely because what we call our minds are also products of a very long process of evolution. A study where people were given a bunch of words that they were to unscramble into a sentence, and the words construvtion things klue ‘old’, ‘wise’, ‘Florida’, and ‘forgetful’.

Open Preview See a Problem? This turned out to be a wonderful little book which surveyed many of the ways in which the human brain doesn’t function rationally or ideally.


Once events are no more than a few weeks or months removed, the past blurs together. Refresh and try again. Marcus also points to the logical syllogism, a highly evolved way of jluge reasoning. These two parts are often fighting for control producing ot that are not always satisfactory. Found the content very interesting, not only as it applies to me but also, as a teacher, as it applies to my students and why some of them just can’t memorize their math facts or other useful information: At one level of his argument, Marcus is presenting all of these kluges as a way of showing how illogical it is to claim that our minds are the product of some “intelligent” constrcution, since clearly our minds, through their very flaws, reveal themselves to be an amalgam of tendencies that have their origins in different points in evolutionary time.

The basis of Marcus’ argument is that evolution was working with the tools at hand when it whipped up the more complex parts of our brain and that the result, while generally functio Kluge is a slang term for “a clumsy or inelegant solution to a problem.

There are three layers to the brain and each developed at a different period of human evolution. The psychologist then leaves the room, and comes back around minutes later.

Evolutionary processes can only select from among minor variants of what is there already. For the most part, we simply accept our faults—as standard equipment.