Like many other martial arts, Kodokan judo provides lists of techniques students must learn to earn rank. For a more complete list of judo techniques by technique classification, including Japanese kanji, see the article judo techniques. Contents . 1 Ukemi (breakfalls); 2 Nage-waza (throwing techniques) Osaekomi-waza ; Shimewaza; Kansetsu-waza. Te-waza (手技): hand throwing techniques. Ippon seoinage (一本背負い投げ, or 一本 Osaekomi-waza (押込技): pins or matholds; Shime-waza (絞技): chokes or strangles; Kansetsu-waza (関節技): joint locks; Attack patterns. Techniques of Kensetsu or kansetsu-waza provide an ideal avenue to establish and maintain the necessary control in a defensive situation, without it escalating.
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Wxza toppling an opponent with a large leg sweep as in the Osoto-gari Large outer reap or Harai-goshi Hip sweep Waza, the thrower topples the opponent from a high position with considerable force. Wrapping an arm around the opponent’s neck increases that force even more, posing a safety hazard that could cause serious damage.
Even in general competitions, any action which could damage the neck joint or spine will draw a “Keikoku” Warning or “Hansoku-make” Defeat by grave infringement or accumulated light penaltiesdue to the risk of serious kansettsu.
Prohibitions regarding junior age groups Kansetsu waza, Shime waza, Katame-waza In addition to the general prohibitions, the junior rules include the following prohibitions related to safety.
Primary school students are prohibited from using any of the Kansetsu waza Joint locks and Shime waza Strangling techniques. This Waza is therefore prohibited in junior competitions due to safety concerns, given that most of these competitions use an “open weight division” format.
In this Waza, Tori grasps both the opponent’s arms or torso with both hands and applies his own body weight to Uke as he topples him. Because their bodies are not yet fully formed, junior contestants are particularly vulnerable to Waza which are applied to the joints. Actions which could damage the neck joint and spine when performing a Eaza waza Knasetsu techniquesetc Such actions present serious safety hazards, and a contestant who engages in them will draw a “Chui” Light penalty or higher penalty.
In addition to the general prohibitions, the junior rules include the following prohibitions related to safety. Hansoku-make Defeat by grave infringement or accumulated light penalties This Waza throws the opponent down in a backward posture, and is also forbidden in general competitions. Using this Waza will result in an immediate Hansoku-make Defeat by grave infringement or accumulated light penalties.
Performing this action will draw a “Chui” Light penalty or higher penalty. Certain Shime waza Strangling techniquesand the Sankaku-jime Triangular strangle in particular, are therefore prohibited due to the risk of neck injury.