Background Key Concepts of Jomini to Continental Strategy Jomini’s Ideas and their Validation on the Nature of Warfare Contributions in Advancing Strategic. interpreting his contributions to strategy and the art of war: Antoine Henri Jomini ( ) and Carl von Clausewitz (%. ). The purpose of this. Baron Antoine Reuri Jomini is generally recognized as the dominant military strategist tactics and strategy, particularly that of the South, and the inevitable.

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When the young Clausewitz wrote his Principles of War for his student the Prussian crown prince, he seems to komini been rather taken with Strateg and his argument about interior lines. Clearly, he did on some level greatly admire Clausewitz’s work. About the same time appeared a small pamphlet on strategy by Major Wagner, then in the service of Austria; this essay, full of wise views, promised that the author would one day give something more complete, which has been realized quite recently.

His most famous work, Summary of the Art of Warwas written, like Clausewitz’s Principles of Warfor a royal prince to whom he was military tutor. But nothing of all this gave a satisfactory idea of the elevated branches of the science. The regular army officers who became the general officers for both the Union and the Confederacy in the Civil War began by following Jominian principles. This mode suited me all the better, as I was but twenty-four years old and had but little experience, whilst I was about to attack many prejudices and great reputations somewhat usurped, so that there was necessary to me the powerful support of the events which I should allow to speak, as it were, for themselves.

The summary of the art of war, which I submit to the public, was written originally for the instruction of an august prince, and in view of the numerous additions which I have just made to it, I flatter myself that it will be worthy of its destination. The fall of Napoleon, by giving up many studious officers to the leisures of peace, became the signal for the apparition of a host of military writings of all kinds.

One example of a direct borrowing from On War: As one of his final duties in the Russian military, Jomini was put in charge of organizing the Russian staff college in Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.

Jomini: The Present Theory of War and Its Utility

Colonel Jomini was right in this And the good Marshal Saxe, instead of piercing those obscurities of which he complained with so much justice, contented himself with writing systems for clothing soldiers in woolen blouses, for forming them upon four ranks, two of which to be armed with pikes; finally for proposing small field pieces which he named amusettes, and which truly merited that title on account of the humorous images with which they were surrounded.

Baron Antoine Henri Jomini rose in the ranks of the Swiss army, eventually serving under Marshall Michel Ney as chief of staff and becoming a baron in Mahan’s own copy has been lost, but his marginal notes were transcribed into a copy donated to the Naval War College by Puleston, Mahan’s biographer.


Finally, Captain Blanch, a Neapolitan officer, has made an interesting analysis of the different periods of the art as written and practiced. Later, he settled at Passy near Paris. This is not the place to delve terribly deeply into the arcane theoretical details of these two men’s work.

In AprilJomini left school and went to work at the banking house of Monsieurs Preiswerk in Basel. Afterwards come the works of M.

Antoine Henri Jomini

As a result of these comments, some writers have claimed that Clausewitz was an advocate of concentric attacks, in contrast to Jomini’s advocacy of “interior lines.

In large part, however, criticism of the new Clausewitzianism is simply reaction.

Meanwhile, in order not to be accused of pedantry, I hasten to avow that, by knowledge, I do not mean a vast erudition; it is not the question to know a great deal but to know well; to know especially what relates to the mission appointed us. He found the job uninteresting and spent most of his time preparing his first book on military theory: His parents, of Italian descent, were of modest means and gave their son a good education. Anyone who reads Jomini’s most famous work—and if you think few people actually read On Warthere are even fewer who read the Summary —will notice quite readily that Clausewitz’s remarks seem unduly harsh and misleading.

At the same epoch when Clausewitz seemed thus to apply himself to sapping the basis of the science, a work of a totally opposite nature appeared in France, that of the Marquis de Ternay, a French emigre in the service of England. His greatest source of inspiration may, however, have been neither Jomini nor Clausewitz, but the Archduke Charles.

The Present Theory of War and Its Utility

On the other hand, using On War as a mere stockpile of juicy quotes in support of this jommini position or that is also an abuse. Influenced by Alexander jominl GreatHannibal, and Caesar, Napoleon had little concern for individual victories or defeats, and even placed the conquest of land secondary; he focused strateg the overall goal jomni destroying his enemy through a massed concentration of force.

Clausewitz, I believe I am correct in concluding that the ensemble of my principles and of the maxims which are derived from them, has been badly comprehended by several writers; that some have made the most erroneous application of them; that others have drawn from them exaggerated consequences which have never been able to enter my head, for a general officer, after having assisted in a dozen campaigns, ought to know that war is a great drama, in which a thousand physical jonini moral causes operate more or less powerfully, and which cannot be reduced to mathematical calculations.

The works of Clausewitz have been incontestably useful, although it is often less by the ideas of the author, than by the contrary ideas to which he strateegy birth. Jomini’s “Fundamental Principle of War” involved four maxims: Harsh, “Battlesword and Rapier: Bernard Brodie often made puzzled references, e.


Craig, and Felix Gilbert. The Art of War. In his maturity, Jomini grew wary of the revolutionary passions that had originally inspired him to take up the sword himself. He was busily employed up to the end of his life in writing treatises, pamphlets and open letters on subjects of military art and history. His Swiss patriotism was indeed strong, and he withdrew from the Allied Army in when he found that he could not prevent the Allies’ violation of Swiss neutrality.

The military historians of the 18th century who had held the first rank joini, Dumont, Quincy, Bourcet, Pezay, Grimoard, Retzow and Tempelhoff; the latter especially had made of it a kind of school, although his work is a little overcharged with the details of marches and encampments: Civil Warwho were, of course, influenced by Napoleon.

At the same time appeared also in Germany, under modest title of an introduction strrategy the study of the military art, a valuable work by M. While he thought that the equally great British Clausewitzian Julian Corbett was wildly wrong in his interpretations.

Jomini emphasized the capture of major points and the importance of superior numbers and lines of operation, and he advocated the employment of speed and maneuver rather than battle whenever possible. Some years afterwards, the Arch Duke [Charles of Austria] gave an introduction to his fine work by a folio volume on grand warfare, in which the genius of the master already showed itself.

To the end of causing its object to be better appreciated, I believe it my duty to precede it by a few lines upon the present state of the theory of war. Finally even Mirabeau who, having returned from Berlin, published an enormous volume upon the Prussian tactics, an arid repetition of the regulation for platoon and line evolutions to which some had the simplicity to attribute the greater part of the successes of Frederick!

McClellan and Robert E. I shall, nevertheless, signalize here the first campaigns of the Revolution by Grimoard; those of General Gravert; the memoirs of Suchet and of Saint-Cyr; the fragments of Gourgaud and of Montholon; the great enterprise of victories and conquests under the direction of General Beauvais; the valuable collection of battles of by Colonel Wagner and that of Major Kaussler; the Spanish War by Napier; that of Egypt by Reynier; the campaigns of Suvaroff by Laverne; the partial narratives of Stutterhein and of Labaume.

A year after the publication of this analytical table, the Prussian General Clausewitz died, leaving to his widow the care of publishing posthumous works which were presented as unfinished sketches. The footnotes below are by Jomini.