Eriugena’s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus or Joannes Scottigena. In the manuscripts of the tenth and subsequent centuries the forms. The crucially important Christian mystic philosopher, translator, theologian and poet, John Scottus Eriugena (Johannes Scottus Eriugena or Scotus Erigena). Johannes Scotus Eriugena (c. –) was an Irish theologian, Neoplatonist philosopher, and poet. He is best known for translating and commenting on the.

Author: Akira Zuhn
Country: Serbia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 15 September 2009
Pages: 249
PDF File Size: 1.81 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.72 Mb
ISBN: 648-2-43057-219-5
Downloads: 98940
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tern

John Scotus Eriugena – Wikiquote

Related Entries Christian theology, philosophy and existence God: The fourth nature must be understood again as God: The form “Eriugena” of his byname is used by John Scotus to describe himself in one manuscript.

Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Treatise on Divine JohznnesU. Plato, ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates c. Erigena, John Scotus, Irish philosopher, theologian, and translator; b. A Philosopher of the Dark AgesLondon: Eriugena articulates the view that God’s becoming human His incarnation or inhumanisation is balanced cosmologically by humans becoming God in deification deificatioGreek: This also has been preserved, and fragments of a commentary by Eriugena on Dionysius have been discovered in manuscript form.

His translation of Maximus includes the proposition: The third species, diametrically opposite to the first, stands for the sensible world, comprehending the numerous species of animals johanns plants that come to be in times and places.

It was not, however, until eirugena beginning of the thirteenth century that the pantheism of the “De Divisione Naturae” was formally condemned. Moreover, there can only be a single destination for all: Eriugena is profiled in standard history-of-philosophy texts, e.

John Scotus Erigena

Aroundafter completing his translation of Pseudo-Dionysius, Eriugena began to translate other important Greek Christian texts, including the commentaries of Maximus the Confessor and an important work by Gregory of Nyssa d. God is first, and hence man comes after. Famously, he is said to have been stabbed to death by his students at Malmesbury with their hohannes.


Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Eriugena argued on behalf of something like a panentheistic definition of nature.

John Scotus Eriugena (Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Western Theology)

The Corpus Dionysii had been given a gift to Charles the Bald’s father, Louis the Pious, from the Byzantine Emperor Michael the Stammerer ina gift thought appropriate possibly because of a misidentification of Pseudo-Dionysius with the patron saint of France, St. Johannes Scottus Eriugena c. The treatise De divina praedestinationecomposed on this occasion, has been preserved, and from its general tone one cannot be surprised that the author’s orthodoxy was at once and vehemently suspected.

The Commentary on St. Eriugeena succeeded Alcuin of York — as head of the Palace School. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre: It is for the very few, wholly detached from earthly thoughts and purged by virtue and knowledge, to know God in these visible creatures.

Life What is known of the life of Eriugena is very soon told. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of joyannes Wikimedia Foundation. God shall be all in all omnia in omnibusV scotud. The form of exposition is that of dialogue ; the method of reasoning is the syllogism.

Observe the forms and beauties of sensible things, and comprehend the Word of God in them. Plato to EriugenaW.


We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. He died in The fourth mode I.

John Scotus Eriugena (c.810/815-877)

Soon after completing his translation of Pseudo-Dionysius c. He also gave early evidence of a knowledge of Greek that was to become exceptional, if not unique, in ninth-century Europe. Even more significant is his handling of authority and reason. Gott hat die Welt aus seinem eigenen Wesen gebildet. Eriugena was highly proficient in Greek, which was rare at that time in mainland Europe, and was thus well-placed for translation work.

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. These reasons rationeslogoi are productive of the things of which they are the reasons.

One concerned the mystery of the Sacrament of the Eucharist, namely, how the bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. Christ is actually what all human beings can be and will be, that is precisely the promise of salvation for Eriugena.

Similarly human nature and the angelic nature are mutually johannse.

The first is God as the ground or origin of all things, the last is God as the final end or goal of all things, that into which the world of created things ultimately returns.

Eriugena is also, though this parallel remains johabnes be explored, more or less a contemporary of the Arab Neoplatonist Al-Kindi.