JALALUDDIN MUHAMMAD AKBAR HISTORY IN URDU PDF

Read History and Biography about Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar in Urdu. Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar Biography in Urdu Ibn Battuta Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Al Lawati Al Tanji Ibn Battuta was born in. Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar (جلال الدین محمد اکبر Jalāl ud-Dīn Muhammad Akbar), also known as Akbar the Great (November 23, – October 27, ) . Jalaluddin Akbar Biography In Urdu. Akbar the Great (–) Jalal al-Din Akbar was born in as his father Humayun fled India before.

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Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar History in Urdu | Biography – Urdu Korner

Akbar “The Great” was one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. The proposal was accepted by Akbar. Urvu succeeded Humayun on 14 Februarywhile in the midst of a war against Sikandar Shah to reclaim the Mughal throne.

Retrieved 4 July With his religious policies, he won the support of his non-Muslim subjects as well.

Akbar the Great

Matters became complicated when one Mulla Yazdi declared Akbar to be an apostate, for which he was put to death by the latter. Akbar un not a a drunkard like his grandfather nor clumsy like his father…he became a wise and strong administrator…he reconciled with the Hindus in the kingdom, preaching tolerance…he encouraged intermarriage between Hindus and Muslims…abolished the jizya… promoted Hindus into high ranking positions in government…created a new religion, Din-i-Ilahi, a combination of Islam and Hinduism.

Surjan accepted an alliance on the condition that Akbar did not marry any of his daughters. Akbar’s system of central government was based on the system that had evolved since the Delhi Sultanatebut the functions of various departments were carefully reorganised by laying down detailed regulations for their functioning [ citation needed ].

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He also encouraged bookbinding to become a high art.

Mughal Emperor Akbar ,Akbar The Great

Advanced Study in the Muhammac of Medieval India. Jahangir’s son, prince Khurram, conquers the fortress of Kangra, thus subjecting the Himalaya hills to Mogul control. Akbar was accorded the epithet “the Great” because of his many accomplishments, [32] including his record of unbeaten military campaigns that consolidated Mughal rule in the Indian subcontinent.

Sincethe northern fortress abar Bhakkar had remained under imperial control. Moreover, Akbar had received invitations from cliques in Gujarat to oust the reigning king, which served as justification for his military expedition.

Together these individuals were referred to as the Nava Ratnas or the Nine Gems. Akbar insisted that Bihari Mal should submit mkhammad him personally, it was also suggested that his daughter should be married to him as a sign of complete submission.

Growing up he learnt how to hunt and fight using various weapons, shaping up to be the great warrior who would be the greatest emperor of India.

Their betrothal took place in Kabul, shortly after Akbar’s first appointment as a viceroy in the province of Ghazni. Akbar’s conquest of Gujarat. The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river.

Nasir-ud-din Muhammad Humayun, Mughal Emperor 5. He firmly entrenched the authority of the Mughal Empire in India and beyond, after it had been threatened by the Afghans during his father’s reign, [] establishing its military and diplomatic superiority. A year later, however, Daud Khan rebelled and attempted to regain Bengal. Akbar was said to have been a wise emperor and a sound judge of character.

Mhuammad was a great innovator as far as coinage is concerned. Hence Akbar was conscious of the threat posed by the presence of the Portuguese and remained content with obtaining a cartaz permit from them for sailing in the Persian Gulf region.

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Akbar had regard to his loyalty and granted his request. In September Jesuits from Goa were invited to visit the court of Akbar. A Century of Advance. The Mughal State, — Roli Books Private Limited. Mughal India developed a strong and stable economy, leading to commercial expansion and greater patronage of culture. His nose is straight and small though not insignificant.

Bairam Khan ruled on behalf of the young Emperor till he came of age. Akbar’s effort to evolve a meeting point among the representatives of various religions was not very successful, as each of them attempted to assert the superiority of their respective religions by denouncing other religions.

A Sanskrit Vision of Mughal Conquests”. The major social reform introduced by Akbar was the abolition of the Pilgrimage Tax for Hindus in as well as the Jazia tax imposed on the Hindu subjects.

He touched the western sea in Sind and at Surat and was well astride central India. The coins of Akbar set a new chapter in India’s numismatic history. Most accepted his sovereignty except the Sisodia ruler of Mewar, Udai Singh. This section does not cite any sources. He also claimed the Gwalior fort from the Sur Rulers.

Panipat second Battle 2. Perso-Islamic culture began to merge and blend with indigenous Indian elements, and a distinct Indo-Persian culture emerged characterized by Mughal style arts, paintingand architecture.

He also issued special instruction to the revenue collectors to be friendly with the farmers.