Gingival Pigmentation and Its Treatment Modalitites – Download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read Penatalaksanaan Hiperpigmentasi Gingiva – Anneke. Hiperaktif melanosit adalah Menghitamnya Warna gingiva, yang benar-benar jinak yang menyebabkan kerugian estetik by Brian_Adytyawa_ It is most frequently found on the gingival or alveolar mucosa, but many cases are also seen on the buccal mucosa. The tattoo is found more.

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Multiple causes are known, and they may range hiperrpigmentasi simple iatrogenic mechanisms, such as implantation of dental amalgam, to complex medical disorders, such as Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.

Local irritants, such as smoking, may also result in melanosis of varying degrees. Oral pigmented lesions result from cellular hyperplasia that can range from hiperpigmehtasi nevi to fatal oral melanoma. The color may range from light brown to blue-black. The color depends on the source of the pigment and the depth of the pigment from which the color is derived.


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Melanin is brown, yet it imparts a blue, green, or brown color to the eye. This effect is due to the physical properties of light absorption and reflection described by the Tyndall light phenomenon or effect. Clinicians must visually inspect the oral cavity, obtain clinical histories, and be willing to perform a biopsy for any condition that is not readily diagnosed. Patients with oral malignant melanoma often recall having an existing oral pigmentation months to years before diagnosis, and the condition may even have elicited prior comment from physicians or dentists.

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hiperpigmentadi Warna gingiva normal, mencerminkan kesehatan mulut dan mempunyai peranan penting dalam kedokteran gigi estetik. Jika terdapat kelainan warna, seperti gingiva yang kehitam-hitaman yang sering dikeluhkan pasien dapat merupakan suatu masalah 1. Pigmentasi gingiva dapat terjadi pada semua ras. Melanin adalah suatu pigmen berwarna coklat, sering timbul pada pigmentasi endogen gingiva yang merupakan tempat paling dominan dari mukosa.

Pigmentasi gingiva ini merupakan hasil granula melanin yang diproduksi oleh melanoblas terletak diantara sel-sel epitel pada lapisan basal epitel gingiva. Hiperpigmentasi gingiva disebabkan oleh deposisi berlebih dari melanin oleh melanosit.



Mandible dislocation is the displacement of the mandibular gingiav from the articular groove in the temporal bone. Most dislocations are managed and reduced in the emergency department with elective follow-up. However, some situations require immediate consultation with a facial surgeon. This article focuses primarily on the diagnosis and management of mandible dislocations in adults.

The management of temperomandibular joint dislocation depends on the underlying cause. Hypermobility or subluxation can be managed by the use of autologous blood, sclerosing agents, and capsulorrhaphy. Posted in Uncategorized Leave a comment.

Mandible Dislocation Posted on August 11, by deizhealth. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.

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