Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.
|Published (Last):||3 March 2014|
|PDF File Size:||7.18 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.81 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
As a result, psychoanalytical theory provides non-negligible and important data on the development and change of personality to those teaching religion or those who assume responsibility of educating a child. According to Horney, the childhood experiences, as well as the cultural effects, are of paramount importance in personality development. Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
These are topographical model and structural model. The second aspect emphasized in the definitions of personality the concept of consistency. According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control id which operates on the pleasure principle.
Altogether, when it comes to accessing reliable and scientific data on man, the only resource to be resorted to is again the data provided by the psychology. Show full item record.
When we speak of psychoanalysis, we mention Freud in the first place. Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as that of Freud. As a matter of fact such theories focusing on a different aspect of personality endeavor to provide the most reliable and coherent information to the science world on the basis of the observation and accumulation of many years.
According to Sullivan, the experiences of the early adolescent are extremely important for the personality development. However, one may tell that the two most emphasized characteristics of such definitions are its uniqueness and consistency. However, Adler also emphasizes the effects of parents which were not dwelled upon enough by Freud.
Psukanaliz made it possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure.
Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz
In fact, it is rnemleri agreed by the ppsikanaliz that there are as many personalities as the number of individuals.
The issue of understanding man, which was a mental and philosophical effort in the beginning, has become the only subject of the science of psychology for more than a century. Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence era. Human has continuously asked questions about himself and searched for an answer to those questions since the ancient ages.
It is the responsibility of the family to develop a strong sense of conscience and superego in the child. However, the data revealed by the personality theories with the respect to ddnemleri must be reviewed carefully.
ERKEN ÇOCUKLUK DÖNEMİ DİNİ GELİŞİM TEORİLERİ BAĞLAMINDA DİN EĞİTİMİ
At this point, one must look at the data revealed by the personality theories with respect to possibility of change. Social and cultural environment, especially gelikm family, plays a big role in a healthy and correct development of personality. One must pay attention to the sensitivity of adolescent era during which the sense of identity develops and the middle age stage when treud seeks the sense of integrity.
This item is protected by original copyright View License.
Horney, who studied all his academic life the cultural and social effects on personality development, has made significant contributions psokanaliz psychology in this field. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics.
Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development.
As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix the past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence.
The primary school years are a prime opportunity to fix certain mistakes in the family environment. Education, which may be defined geljim the effort to shape man in line with a certain model, has to apply to the science of psychology to learn about the development and change potential of man. Erikson states that personality development does not end with adolescent but continues throughout the whole life.
Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian school by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis. According to Jung, the critical threshold at the djemleri of shapes the whole personality.
Because mistakes made earlier can be corrected during preadolescence, but errors made during preadolescence are nearly impossible to overcome in later life. The main emphasis of Horney is the cultural and social effects psikanlaiz by Freud.
Another difference between Freud psiksnaliz Adler is that Adler does not handle the personality development in certain periods. As the comprehensive analysis of all personality theories exceeds far beyond the limits of a single article, this study analyzes only the views of the psychoanalytical approaches on the development and change of personality.
Altogether, there are risks and opportunities in the later ages for radical changes of personality. As a dndmleri of fact, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. In the structural model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development. While the concept of consistency helps us better understand the nature of personality, it faces us to another question on the other hand: The early years of childhood are of paramount importance for personality development.
We see dnemlrri Erikson carried the views on personality development to a step forward. Personality, Psychoanalysis, religious education, development, change.
However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage. The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness. Although there has not been any significant study on this issue yet, the positive and negative impacts of the unconscious in religious education should not be psikqnaliz. There cannot be a significant development or change in personality after this period.