Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: | Size: 13 MB Fiqh of Muslim Minorities sheds light on the principles. Minorities (Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat): The Case of the Palestinian Muslim .. Alwani preceded Al-Qaradawi in publishing works on Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat. Most Muslims perceive Muslim minorities as an integral part of the larger Muslim community, umma. . 10 Y. al-Qaradawi, Fiqh of Muslim Minorities (Vol.
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Distance from the French context and disengagement from local Muslim politics led members such as Qaradawi to voice more vocal criticism.
Fiqh of Muslim Minorities
The homogeneity of the setting—a scarcely decorated conference room—and the bleak landscapes of European suburbia where the meetings are usually held provide a sharp contrast to the global interconnectedness and media exposure minorties the scholarly debates taking place inside. They publish in the prestigious Islamic legal periodicals that have sprung up in the Muslim world since the s. The Egyptian state fiqy religious expertise: Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.
The ability to cultivate a space of scholarly debate that cuts across these msulim depends upon the success of the deliberative process to establish a form of consensus. Muslim emigration to the West according to Salafi jurisprudence. Mohamad Ballan’s Review of “Oppressed in the Land”. One consequence of the multiple authorships which underlie the collective text is that the fatwa will often defy a yes-or-no definition; it may be incomplete and sometimes even deliberately?
Although it has not always been the ground on which Muslim discussions on their presence in Europe have taken place, fiqh seems to have become in the context of the global Islamic Revival an increasingly important discursive constraint. Minortiies the primary discursive field musoim which the ECFR operates is arguably located in the Muslim world, and particularly the dynamics of the Islamic Revival, the Council’s active engagement in national and European debates about the integration of Muslims has drawn attention from mainstream media such as the BBCThe GuardianLe Monde and The Wall Street Journal.
On the other hand, a question which is seen as lacking a commitment to traditional nuslim may elicit a contemptuous answer, even when that answer clashes with the logic of the ECFR’s project. In order to do so the muftis sometimes draw flattering comparisons between Islamic norms and positive laws, or try to show how the former are in conformity with human nature. Like other religious communities, Muslims in Europe are polarized.
Fiqh al-aqalliyyat has become an established field of research, drawing interest and attention from a large spectrum of religious scholars, Muslim activists, policy makers and social scientists—from Australia and the United States to Malaysia qaraawi China.
Muslim Minorities Jurisprudence by Iyad Zahalka. These and other distinctions guide the ECFR muftis in their deliberations. With a few notable exceptions, they have been held in a hotel or conference room of an Islamic centre located musllm the suburb of a European capital, reflecting the geographical distribution of the Muslim diasporic communities.
When a consensual answer appears impossible, the leadership of the ECFR may decide to produce the fatwa of one of musliim leading scholars instead: The institution most closely associated with the concept of minority fiqh is the European Council for Fatwa and Research, a body which aims at providing an authoritative reading of the Islamic tradition in a context of migration and social change.
Is it permissible to bring religions close together? Notify me of new posts via email. You are commenting using your Facebook account. The discussions and decisions reached at those meetings—on issues of Muslim settlement in Europe, citizenship, interest-bearing transactions, the headscarf, and others—were not widely publicized.
Fiqh of Muslim Minorities
Help Center Find new research papers in: The collective fatwas borrow extensively from their individual fatwas—especially those of Qaradawi. Family issues—especially marriage and divorce—arguably absorb most of the time of the imams officiating in mosques across Europe. Under what precise circumstances did the husband pronounce a triple talaqand were there fqh conditions—such as anger or drunkenness—that might invalidate the pronouncement? Taking the European Council for Fatwa and Reseach as a case study, the author describes the settings, actors ifqh logics of the production of fatwas in the European context.
By contrast, aqradawi leading question which clearly tries to push the boundaries of traditional fiqh but shows an awareness of and sensitivity to the Islamic legal tradition has a chance of mobilizing the energy of the Council’s members. Since the Prophet forbade interfaith inheritance in an authentic hadith, but also minoritiea that Islam does not harm the believer, should European converts to Islam be allowed to inherit from their non-Muslim relatives?
To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Islamic scholarship, however, still appears rooted in the heartlands of the Islamic world.
However, after World War II and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the mass exodus of Muslim migrants, mijorities their native Muslim lands to Europe and the far West, has brought about new fjqh for Muslims residing in the West Jenkins, Jytte Klausen, in her celebrated study The Islamic Challenge. They relate their fiqh positions primarily to the expectations of their communities and to the wider aims of the movement.
And what precisely is to be debated? How they eventually circulate amongst Muslim and non-Muslim publics, and the kinds of appropriations or subversions that may take place, lie ultimately outside of the muftis’ control.
In the current context of institutionalization of Muslim authority in Europe and a growing interest and concern for Muslim minorities in the Islamic heartlands, fatwas are also an adequate place to explore the links between the production of local Islamic discourses and the circulation of transnational ones. Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi Language: The complete list of ECFR members is available at http: See for details Abdel-Fadil, In recent years the sessions of the ECFR have been largely structured around the presentation of research papers and the drafting of authoritative opinions on issues that do not necessarily originate in questions from Muslim communities.
The making of the fatwa
Sometimes factual information considered unimportant by the petitioner—but crucial for the mufti’s interpretive work—may be missing: Attempts to lay out the principles of minority fiqhand to establish its relation to mainstream fiqhhave been produced in Britain, Egypt, France, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the USA.
For details of the controversy, and how it reshaped the subsequent reception of Qaradawi mjnorities Western Europe, see Caeiro, Saify, The article thus seeks to fill a relative gap in the scholarship on Islam in Europe which has often reduced fatwas to ahistorical and minoriities rhetorics.
It is mislim to the ethos of the Muslim Brotherhood. Le consensus des experts. You are commenting using your WordPress. What importance can be given to marginal opinions from the fiqh heritage which contradict the views of the majority of the scholars? Staff from IslamOnLine covering the session for the website may distribute printouts of the relevant fatwas from their online fatwa database the Arabic fatwas are in fact often the individual minirities of some of the scholars attending the meeting such as Qaradawi, Mawlawi or Ali al-Qaradaghi.
On fqih, however, the meetings of the ECFR have been overshadowed by negative media coverage including paparazzi standing outside the hotelas happened in London in July Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Under these conditions, what position should the ECFR adopt in relation to the lunar calendar?