El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

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Unlike Wundt’s method of introspection, Titchener had very strict guidelines for the reporting of an introspective analysis. The reason for this confusion lies in the translation of Wundt’s writings. For instance, structuralism did not concern itself with the study of animal behaviorand personality. His conclusions were largely based on ideas of associationism. Behavioristsspecifically methodological behaviorists, fully rejected even the idea of the conscious experience as a worthy topic in psychology, since they believed that the subject matter of scientific psychology should be strictly operationalized in an objective and measurable way.

He concluded from his research that there were three types of mental elements constituting conscious experience: Sensations elements of perceptionsImages elements of ideasand affections elements of emotions.

When Titchener brought his theory to Americahe also brought with him Wundt’s work. In his translation of Wundt’s work, Titchener illustrates Wundt as a supporter of introspection as a method through which to observe consciousness. Besides theoretical attacks, structuralism was criticized for excluding and ignoring important developments happening outside of structuralism.

By titchenrr this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Titchener referred to this as stimulus error. Once Titchener identified the elements of mind and their interaction, his theory then asked the question of why the elements interact in the way they do.

Functionalism was developed by William James in contrast to structuralism. Some critics also pointed out that introspective techniques actually resulted in retrospection — the memory of a sensation rather than the sensation itself.

Structuralism (psychology)

The Psychology of Human Thought. To do this, psychologists employ introspection, self-reports of sensations, views, feelings, emotions, etc. The main tool Titchener used to try to determine the different components of consciousness was introspection.


The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology [1] is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener. Titchener attempted to classify the structures of the mind, like chemists classify the elements of natureinto the nature. In his book, Systematic PsychologyTitchener wrote:. These elements could be broken down into their respective properties, which he determined were qualityintensitydurationclearnessand extensity.

This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

Structuralism (psychology) – Wikipedia

Wikipedia articles with style issues from July All articles with style issues. Titchener writes in his Systematic Psychology:. One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology. Researchers are still working to offer objective experimental approaches to measuring conscious experience, in particular within the field of cognitive psychology and is in some ways carrying on the torch of Titchener’s ideas.

It is working on the same type of issues such as sensations and perceptions. Titchener believed that physiological processes provide a continuous substratum that give psychological processes a continuity they otherwise would not have.

Titcheneralong with Wilhelm Wundtis credited for the theory of structuralism. Titchener himself was criticized for not using his psychology to help answer practical problems.

He then used this translation to show that Wundt supported Titchener’s own theories. However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken to refer to psychophysical methods. Both sensations and images contained all of these qualities; however, affections were lacking in both clearness and extensity.

Structuralism has faced a large amount of criticism, particularly from the school of psychology, functionalism which later evolved into the psychology of pragmatism reconvening introspection into acceptable practices of observation. In particular, Titchener focuses on the law of contiguitywhich is the idea that the thought of something will tend to cause thoughts of things that are usually experienced along with it.


Because he was a student of Wilhelm Wundt at the University of LeipzigTitchener’s ideas on how the mind worked were heavily influenced by Wundt’s theory of voluntarism and his ideas estructuraalismo association and apperception the passive and active combinations of elements of consciousness respectively. The second titchenr in Titchener’s theory of structuralism was the question of how the mental elements combined and interacted with each other to form conscious experience.

It stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought titcehner an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy.

Psicología de la Conciencia: Wundt, Leipzig, Gestalt

This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat Retrieved November 11, Instead, Titchener was interested in seeking pure knowledge that to him was more important than commonplace issues. H is considered to be the first “school” of psychology [4] [5]. And images and titchene could be broken down further into just clusters of sensations. The subject would be instructed not to report the name of the object pencil because that did not describe the raw data of what the subject was experiencing.

The subject would then report the characteristics of that pencil color, length, etc. Estructuralisno the science of behaviour. Therefore, the nervous system does not cause conscious experience, but can be used to explain some characteristics of mental titchendr. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Introspectiontherefore, yielded different results depending on who was using it and what they were seeking. Structuralism as a school of psychology seeks to analyze the adult mind the total sum of experience from birth to the present in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find how these components fit together to form more complex experiences as well as how they correlate to physical events.

The ‘science of immediate experience’ was stated by him.