Scientific Name, Epinotia aporema [TAX]. Lineage, cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Protostomia;. Epinotia aporema granulovirus (EpapGV) is a fast killing betabaculovirus that infects the bean shoot borer (E. aporema) and is a promising. A granulovirus (GV) isolated from Epinotia aporema (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)—a major soybean pest—was studied in terms of its main.

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Considering the number of entrances to the calling female and control arms, the males preferred the former, entering an average of 3. Gilligan and Marc E.

Detection and kinetic analysis of Epinotia aporema granulovirus in its lepidopteran host by real-time PCR. The bean shoot borer, Epinotia aporema Lep. Adults can be present year-round and are most common between April and November in South Aporemma.

Temporal pattern of female calling and mating. Larval Morphology For information on the larva of Crocidosema aporemaplease consult the fact sheet and keys on LepIntercept – An identification resource for intercepted Lepidoptera larvae. Our basic findings concerning the mating behaviour of C.

Reproductive behaviour of Crocidosema Epinotia aporema Walsingham Lepidoptera: J Econ Entomol Males preferentially chose the female arm in olfactometer tests, considering both the first arm chosen and the number of visits during the observation period.


Males that did not leave their elinotia tubes after 12 min were considered as non responsive.

Factsheet – Crocidosema aporema

This posture is characterized by the raised wings, the abdomen curved down and the gland continuously exposed. Lista anotada de especies. Effects of different host-plant species on growth, development and feeding of the bud borer, Epinotia aporema Lepidoptera: Indeed, the description of the time pattern of pheromone emission will facilitate the collection and chemical characterization of the sex pheromones by dissections of the glands during the peak of female calling h into the scotophase.

Calling females elevated their abdomen, curved the abdominal tip downwards, and raised their wings. No courtship behaviour was observed when the males reached the mesh that separated the olfactometer from the tube holding the calling female.

Epinotia aporema granulovirus

Tortricidae in apple orchards treated with sex pheromone. Crocidosema aporema Walsingham is a major pest of legumes in the southern cone of Latin America.

Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. Washington, National Academy Press, p. All the contents of apkrema journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Our results show that even in the constant presence of a male during several nights, mated females did not tend to re-mate, which differs from other tortricid females that mate repeatedly Knight Chemical communication, sex pheromone, calling periodicity, Y-olfactometer test.


In these populations we found the same temporal pattern for female calling Uruguayan population and mating Brazilian populationsuggesting that no inter-population variation occurs in this species regarding the time frame of reproductive behavior. Males and females were placed in the glass tubes 3h prior to conducting the experiments, and the tube holding a calling female was attached to the arm of the olfactometer 30 min before the onset of the observation period.

Females adopted a characteristic calling posture, extruding the pheromone rpinotia from the tip of the abdomen. Our results describe for the fi rst time the temporal pattern associated to the reproductive behaviour of C. Services on Demand Journal. Females lay eggs on glabrous nodes of the soybean plant or other leguminous host.

Adult Recognition

While we did not attempt to offer new males to the females throughout the experiment, our data suggest that C. Likewise, the probability of mating is expected to increase as the calling period within the scotophase is lengthened.

Analysis of a chitinase rpinotia EpapGV, a fast killing betabaculovirus. Knight A L Multiple mating of male and female codling moth Lepidoptera: