Published by CSA Group in , 96 pages Withdrawn The F Standard is intended to provide architects, home builders, heating and cooling contractors. CAN/CSA F (R). Determining the Required Capacity of Residential Space Heating and Cooling Appliances, Includes Update No. Frs|uljkwhg#pdwhuldo#olfhqvhg#wr#Xqlyhuvlw|#ri#Wrurqwr#e|#Wkrpvrq# Vflhqwlilf/#Lqf1#+zzz1whfkvwuhhw1frp,1##Wklv#frs|#grzqordghg#rq#

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The new Standard will result in more accurate and potentially lower load calculations given the efficiency changes in new homes. Occupants of these Net Zero houses are raving about the “comfort” of their homes. In the new Standard, recognition of the stack effect warm air rising in a fan will mean that the assignment of air leakage heat loss will be a function of the floor level of specific rooms.

In the old Standard the total heat loss for the building was assigned to individual rooms as a function of the heat loss of that room.

Home BUILDER Canada – THVAC Optimization: Bigger Isn’t Always Better

The mechanical systems also operate at peak efficiency further reducing the cost of operation. In applying the new Standard, designers and mechanical contractors will need to recalibrate old “rules of thumb” for sizing equipment czn today’s new homes: In other words, rooms on the first floor of a home will be assigned a greater portion of the air leakage component.

Smaller loads with traditional forced air systems require reduced fan capacity. The calculation method can now accept objective airtightness indicators such as blower door air tightness tests. The new CSA F Standard results in more accurate and potentially lower load calculations that reflect the efficiency improvements in today’s new homes.

One very direct consequence of these changes is that heating and cooling loads have dropped substantially in new homes across Canada. Within the industry it’s well known that oversized systems in new energy efficient homes often result in comfort issues for occupants and can lead to homebuyer complaints and warranty claims.

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During the cooling season, the problems change, but include poor thermal circulation and inadequate dehumidification. Besides being quieter, and often smaller, “right sized” equipment delivers ambient temperatures which are nearly identical on every floor and in every room.

Standards Council of Canada

Somewhat like putting shoes on a child that are too big, fsa HVAC systems result in homes that run “sloppily” and inefficiently. Today, we have building codes that require increased insulation values, mechanical efficiencies and air tightness. The table illustrates the results of applying both the old and new standard to a reference home assumed to have an HRV air tightness of approximately 2.

Voluntary, market-driven programs like EnergyStar, Built Green and R have provided builders with the technology and construction practices needed to build more comfortable, healthy and efficient homes.

He may be reached at andy buildingknowledge. For example, a home with an exhaust-only ventilation system creates a slight negative pressure that changes the leakage patterns in a home and the new standard makes allowance for this.

The delivery systems i. Over the last 15 years, energy cah in new homes has been reduced by nearly 40 per cent. cn

Heat Loss/Gain Software Development for CSA F280 Standard

Depending on a home’s layout, short cycling of HVAC equipment can lead to cold rooms on the second floor, and in rooms over garages f280-n90 exposed floors.

Equipment with optimized controls could be more compact, programmed to operate at peak efficiency over longer cycle times and make use of newer and extremely efficient fan motors and pump controls. These problems can be avoided by the use of the new CSA F standard. Here is a brief synopsis of the more critical changes.


The U factors and solar heat gain coefficients reported by window manufacturers in their CSA A compliant labeling can be directly put into the calculations now. The new Standard is formally recognized by the Ontario Building Code as of January 1,and is expected to be referenced in the National Building Code of Canada in the near future.

In many provinces, a new home built today delivers the energy performance of R homes built in the early s. This will be important in both new and existing homes where energy audits or specific air tightness targets have been verified by site testing. Short cycling also results in decreased mechanical efficiency, and compromises the performance capacity of today’s more efficient heating and cooling equipment.

Finally, the new Standard will allow designers to take credit for the impact of heat recovery ventilation devices employed in a home. An unintended consequence of using the old CSAFM90 standard when designing HVAC systems for today’s new homes is chronic over-sizing of heating and cooling equipment, as well as over-sizing of air duct delivery systems.

In the last two years, the new Standard has been applied on multiple Net Zero projects across Canada with great success.

CAN/CSA-FM90 (R) | Standards Council of Canada – Conseil canadien des normes

This can, and does, cause problems for builders. The interaction between different types of ventilation systems and air leakage is accounted for. It provides a tremendous opportunity for homebuilders and the HVAC industry to rationalize new mechanical system design.