The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a stroke-specific, performance-based following stroke and integrates Brunnstrom’s stages of motor recovery (Gladstone et al. This method of assessment reduces the time required to perform the test. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a stroke-specific, performance-based NOTE: *The authors have no direct financial interest in any tools, tests or. program were developed for the total Fugl-Meyer motor and sensory assessments; inter-rater reliability was . CRC; and (3) competency testing in which videotapes were submit- . Brunnstrom, a person recovering from hemiparetic stroke.

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The FMA requires a mat or bed, a few small objects and several different tools for the assessment of sensation, reflexes, and range of motion:.

Although we used the data from 41 stroke patients with various motor impairments, decrease of the imbalance by collecting more data sets and adoption of the above techniques could help increase prediction accuracies.

Classifications for impairment severity have been proposed based on FMA Total motor scores out of points: Global and regional burden of stroke during — Introduction Stroke is a leading cause of disabilities worldwide[ 1 ] and hemiplegia is the most common impairment after stroke, [ 2 ] resulting in upper extremity UE dysfunction.

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Thirteen of 33 items were selected for upper extremity motor FMA.


Motion data recording program. Patients were eligible for inclusion if they had unilateral hemiplegia caused by ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke

Retrieved from ” https: Therefore, different numbers of principal components were used to achieve the best accuracy for each assessment item. Neurorehabil Neural Repair ; Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics— Update. We used re-sample techniques and cross-validation myer minimize errors from dataset imbalance. In machine learning and cognitive science, ANNs are statistical learning models inspired by biological neural networks that have become popular in solving various problems in diverse fields.

Length is the maximum distance of a position vector time t from the initial time T 1which is the greatest difference of motion distance from the start of motion. Some other FMA scores that could not be brunnstrok in this research are required to detect the above hand information with accurate hand position tracking.

Role of the cerebellum and basal ganglia in voluntary movement. Imbalance of real FMA scores decreases the prediction accuracies of each item.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke – Physiopedia

Administration of the motor, sensation and balance subscores range from 34 to minutes, with a mean administration time of 58 minutes. A score of 1 is given when the task is performed partially and a score of 2 is given when the task is performed fully.

Rehabilitation Measures Database Toggle navigation p Physiopedia. This is an open access article distributed brrunnstrom the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Data recorded at the start and end of each motion were clipped by thresholding of the joint distance between frames. Supporting Information S1 Appendix Data clipping. Jerk t is an 18 dimensional vector because subject motion data has 18 variables six joint x three dimension.

Therefore, a majority of patients get an intermediate score in most items, and remain so for a long time. To properly classify motion patterns, features must be extracted from the captured motion data, which contains the positional information of every upper limb joint.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of sensorimotor function – Wikipedia

It is designed to assess motor functioning, balance, sensation and joint functioning in patients with post-stroke hemiplegia [1] [2]. For the left arm, as an example, left hand, left wrist, left elbow, left shoulder, shoulder center and head joint position data were extracted. To remove the differences of seating locations and to normalize body size, all joint data were transformed by minus of initial shoulder center and by dividing the summation of each body length i.

Functional tasks are not incorporated into the evaluation. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. The Internet Stroke Center. Lancet Neurol ; 6: Although two studies using manipulating devices with virtual realities showed modest correlations with conventional assessment tool, additional costs and space are required.