On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand. The British anticipated a swift and decisive victory, placing great. British Fortifications in Zululand by Ian Knight, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Author: Ian Knight, Illustrator: Adam Hook About this book: On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand.

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Siegecraft had played a major role in that war, as the Russian had dug in around the port of Sebastopol, forcing Britain and her allies to invest it. Kingdom of Mapungubwe c. Strategically, it made little ofrtifications, as the Zulu were already across the border, and the loss of the supplies was inconsequential in the wake of the destruction of the camp at Isandlwana; it was merely a question of choosing the course that offered the best hope of survival.

By the end 0 the first week of April IH79, tile war had turned decisively in fa our 0 the British, and the role of fortifications in that turn had been decisive. Fortress Book 35 Paperback: In some places, the rampart was as high as 8ft, to allow the troops to move freely behind it without fear of being hit by enemy fire.

British Fortifications in Zululand – Ian Knight – Google Books

After various false starts, the column finally began the advance from Fort Tenedos on 29 March. Here, he took up residence on the Tafelberga flat-topped mountain overlooking the river. He planned to attack them on 24 January, but on learning of the disaster at Isandlwana, he decided to withdraw back to the Kraal.

The light in which Mbelini was regarded is shown in a paragraph from a memorandum written by Sir Henry Bulwer:. With a olitary Engineer cortifications to advise them Lt. As a refinement, the side nearest the river was covered britishh to provide sleeping quarters for both officers and men.

They turned off the road to the nearby magistrate’s Sunset at Helpmekaar; troops strike their tents and march inside the fort for security overnight. The interior walls were of sun-dried mud brick, plastered over. It was by now getting dark, and the flames from the burning hospital lit up the area immediately around, providing an unexpected means fotrifications illuminating each fresh Zulu attack.

The circular wagon-laager favoured by the Boers during the Great Trek of the was found to be unfavourable for British needs, however, because the transport wagons of were generally heavier, there were more of them than had been the case in most Boer expeditions, and as a consequence fewer of the drivers were experienced in making laagers on this scale.


British Fortifications in Zululand – PDF Free Download

The shortcomings of this view were made brutally apparent on 22 January. At Durban, a stockade was built across the tip of the Point, one of two jaws of land which frame Durban Bay, to proVide a last-ditch refuge for women and children in the event that the town was overrun.

Camp Fortificationss The camp at Khambula would remain Wood’s base for several month, and the exact position was shifted several times for sanitary reasons. A more established road, known as the Jagter’s Pad or ‘hunters’ road’, skirted the Kahlamba foothills and passed north through the area disputed by the Zulus and the Transvaal.

With yet more reinforcements arriving, soon to total 16, British and 7, Native troops, Chelmsford reorganised his forces and again advanced into Zululand in June, this time with extreme caution building fortified camps all along the way to prevent any repeat of Britihs. His achievements in Zululand were unequalled by any other Royal Engineer officer during the war, but zkluland remains little remembered today.

In a meeting with Zulu notables at Blood River in OctoberShepstone attempted to placate fortificatuons Zulu with paternal speeches, however they were unconvinced and accused Shepstone of betraying them.

I Column decides to hold Eshowe.

His work features in exhibitions and publications throughout the world. Inside the hospital, the defenders fought from room to room, knocking holes in the flimsy interior walls where there were no doors, and dragging the patients after them until at last they emerged through a window into the abandoned yard, and scurried across to the storehouse, fortificatikns by the fire of men lining the biscuit-box barricade.

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Trench on the left; inner rampart right. The ground itself lay greatly in Wood’s favour; to the north, it fell away gently across an open slope towards the streams that britis up the headwaters of the White Mfolozi, a mile away.

KwaZulu Natal Archives, Pietermaritzburg Depot [n the centre stood the three iron sheds, the smaller huts, and a make hift hospital.

The post at Helpmekaar consisted of three large wooden sheds, with galvanised iron roofs, and five smaller outhouses, all of which had been erected to house the supplies that would be accumulated there en route forward to the column. The British Army and military fortification in the s 8 During the second half of the 19th century, the art of fortification had made huge progress among the world powers.


Life in the fort at Eshowe Although Fortificaitons defences had made the garrison at Eshowe relatively secure, life there was far from comfortable.

Traverses, as at Fort Tenedos, could also serve to divide up the interior space of a redoubt to create a more secure and comfortable camping-ground for the garrison in part of the area. I am astonished at not hearing from you”. This was a common routine in most of the British forts early in the war. On the northern side – towards Zululand the ground fell away for a few yards, then dropped into the river along a sheer cliff face. In practice, this usually meant building a square or rectangular work by digging a surrounding ditch and piling the earth up inside to form a rampart.

Both helmsford and hi officers were, mor ov r, sceptical tha a Zulu army had the capability to mount a determined attack on a British po ition. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Only in one case in Zululand, that of Fort Crealock, was a fortificationa bastion a pentagonal projection with its base at the angle of the main works constructed. The loopholes in the church walls are clearly visible – the tents constituted Pearson’s headquarters, while the magaline and quartermasters’ stores are covered with tarpaulins.

Cape Colony had been formed after the Anglo—Dutch Treaty of permanently ceded the Dutch zuulland of Cape Town to Britain, and its territory expanded very substantially through the 19th century.

Such laagers were in effect temporary and mobile fortifications.

To covert these figures to metric, the following conversion formulas are provided: Wood placed his camp about this redoubt to provide several points of overlapping and mutually supportive fire.

Fortificatinos was unacceptable to the Zulus as it effectively meant that Cetshwayo, had he agreed, would have lost his throne.

Whenever, as at Fort Eshowe, or any of the other 1897 forts in Zululand like Forts Crealock and Tenedos, there was a very large area within the perimeter, traverses and parados were constructed to protect the garrison from reverse or enfilading fire.