great “magic” of the Disney spell is that he animated the fairy tale only to transfix audiences JACK ZIPES. Breaking the Disney Spellt. It was not once upon a. 2 Rumpelstiltskin and the Decline of Female Productivity. 3 Breaking the Disney Spell. 4 Spreading Myths about Iron John. 5 Oz as American Myth. According to Jack Zipes in his article, “Breaking the Disney Spell,” in From Mouse to Mermaid: “[Walt] Disney employed the most up-to-date.

Author: Nele Nibei
Country: Chile
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Love
Published (Last): 12 March 2015
Pages: 461
PDF File Size: 13.23 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.29 Mb
ISBN: 474-1-42040-952-5
Downloads: 22112
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gugor

Printed animations, which had become widespread in Europe and America during the latter part of the nineteenth century, heralded in the age of comic books, which assisted in redefining our understanding of traditional interpretations of fairy tales.

Plus, Disney isn’t what made fairy tales a “children’s thing” in the perception the general public; the Victorians had beraking done that decades before the Disney studio ever came to be. Tension between the literary and oral traditions existed. Images now imposed xipes on the text and formed their own visual meaning in violation of print and the print culture. Exported through the screen as models, the “American” fairy tale colonizes other national audiences.

The revolution takes place as the king is outpaced and will be replaced by a commoner who knows how to use the latest inventions. The witches are not only agents of evil but represent erotic and subversive forces that are more appealing both for the artists who drew them and the audiences.

Anonymous April 10, at 2: The dwarfs are hardworking and rich miners. Despite the implications of these themes, Zipes argues that Disney was not acting as a rabble-rouser for social change. John Canemaker Los Angeles: These tales did not represent communal values but rather the vales of a particular writer. The next great revolution in the institutionalization of the genre was the film, for the images now imposed themselves on the text and formed their own text in violation of print but also with the help of the print culture.

Foundational Essay: Zipes’ “Breaking the Disney Spell”

One could almost say that he was obsessed by the fairy tale genre, or, put another way, Disney felt drawn to fairy tales because they reflected his own struggles in life. Disney took the story of Snow White and made it uniquely his, transforming it from something inherently German to something uniquely American. Disney faced bankruptcy because he refused to capitulate to the exploitative conditions that Mintz set for the distribution and production of Disney’s films.


Their hegemony entails possession of the key cultural terms determining what are the right and wrong ways to be a human being. However, the domination of the word in the development of the fairy tale as genre was about to change.

Through these moving pictures, the animators appropriated literary and oral fairy tales to subsume the word, to have the final word, often through image and book, for Disney began publishing books during the s to complement his films. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Was Disney celebrating “everyone” or “every man”? Its social significance, particularly in its most positive form, is inconceivable without its destructive, cathartic aspect, that is, the liquidation of the traditional value of the cultural heritage.

Breaking the Disney Spell | Jack Zipes –

They were just the beginning. Yet, primitive though it was, the order of the scenes did form a coherent, logical, and progressive continuity. At first it was obvious and literal; at the end it was subtle and cloaked in metaphors and symbolic imagery designed to facilitate the jaack and yet to keep the idea gratifying for the artist and the audience. The so-called original and subversive tales kept and keep the dynamic quality of the dialectical appropriation alive, for there was and there is always a danger that the written word, in contrast to the spoken zzipes, will fix a structure, image, metaphor, plot, and value as sacrosanct.

However, Disney went much further than the Grimms to make his film more memorable than the tale, for he does not celebrate the domestication of women so spdll as the triumph of the banished and the underdogs. The domestication is related to colonization insofar as the ideas and types are portrayed as models of behavior to be emulated. Did Disney believe in revolution and social change in the name of socialism? Instead of using technological innovations to promote and enhance communal narratives, he created a new system of storytelling that resisted change and did not dare to drift from the patriarchal order of production.

Skip to main content. Remember me on this computer. The prince appears at the very beginning of the film on a white horse and sings a song of love and devotion to Snow White. At first, the hero does not want puss’s help, nor will he buy her the boots that she sees in a shop window. Lewis Jacobs, 2nd Ed. After all, Snow White was his story that he had taken from the Grimm Brothers and changed completely to suit his tastes and beliefs.


It is here, Zipes contends, where Walt Disney and other animators arrived to appropriate our traditional understanding of fairy tales. Fortunately, the animation of the literary fairy tale did not stop with Disney, but that is another tale to tell, a tale about breaking Disney’s magic spell.

If children or adults think of the great classical fairy tales today, be it Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, or Cinderella, they will think Walt Disney.

It was through script by the end of the nineteenth century that there was a full-scale debate about what oral folk tales and literary breakiny tales were and what their respective functions should be. Citing Crafton, Zipes points out those early animators before Disney made themselves a part of their animations, often appearing as characters in their animations.

He also knew that novelty would depend on the collective skills of his employees, whom he had to keep happy or indebted to him in some way. According to Zipes, the French fairy tales heightened the aspect of the chosen aristocratic elite:.

Tales such as Beauty and the Beast, Snow White and the Seven Dwarves, and Rumplestiltskin have become part of our everyday culture and shapers of our identities. Wasn’t he just more inventive, more skillful, more in touch with the American spirit of the times than his competitors, who also sought to animate the classical fairy tale for the screen? So, she convinces the animals to help her make the cottage tidy so that the dwarfs will perhaps let her stay there.

Appropriation does not occur without violence to the rhetorical text created in the oral tales.

The manner in which he copied the musical plays and films of his time, and his close adaptation of fairy tales with patriarchal codes indicate that all the technical experiments would not be used to foster social change in America, but to keep power in the hands of individuals like himself, who felt empowered to design and create new worlds.