In , the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) of the Organization of American States (OAS) promoted the adoption of the Inter-American Convention . The Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women, known as the Convention of Belém do Pará, is an.
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AFFIRMING that violence against women constitutes a violation of their human rights and fundamental freedoms, and impairs or nullifies the observance, enjoyment and exercise of such rights and freedoms. CONCERNED that violence against women is an offense against human dignity and a manifestation of the historically unequal power relations between women and men. RECALLING the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the Twenty-fifth Assembly of Delegates of the Inter-American Commission of Women, and affirming that violence against women pervades every sector of society regardless of class, race or ethnic group, income, culture, level of education, age or religion and strikes at its very foundations: CONVINCED that the elimination of violence against women is essential for their individual and social development and their full and equal participation in all walks of life; and.
CONVINCED that the adoption of a convention on the prevention, punishment and eradication of all forms of violence against women within the framework of the Organization of American States is a positive contribution to protecting the rights of women and eliminating violence against them.
For the purposes of this Convention, violence against women shall be understood as any act or conduct, based on gender, which causes death or physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, whether in the public or the private sphere.
Violence against women shall be understood to include physical, sexual and psychological violence: Every woman has the right to be free from violence in both the public and private spheres. Every woman has the right to the recognition, enjoyment, exercise and protection of all human rights and freedoms embodied in regional and international human rights instruments.
These rights include, among others: The right to have her life respected.
The right to have her physical, mental and moral integrity respected. The right to personal liberty and security. The right not to be subjected to torture. The rights to have the inherent dignity of her person respected and her family protected. The right to equal protection before the law and of the law. The right to simple and prompt recourse to a competent court for protection against acts that violate her rights. The right to associate freely.
The right of freedom to profess her religion and beliefs within the law; and. The right to have equal access to the public pra of her country and to cpnvencion part in the conduct of public affairs, including decision-making.
Every woman is entitled to the free and full exercise of her civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, and may rely on the full protection of those rights as embodied in regional and international instruments on human rights.
The States Parties recognize that violence against women prevents and nullifies the exercise of these rights. The right of every woman to be free from violence includes, among others: The right of women to be free from all forms of discrimination; and.
The right of women to be valued and pxra free of stereotyped patterns of behavior and social and cultural practices based on concepts of inferiority or subordination. The States Parties condemn all forms of violence against women and agree to pursue, by all appropriate means and without delay, policies to prevent, punish and eradicate such violence and undertake to: The States Parties agree to undertake progressively specific measures, including programs: With respect to the adoption of the measures in this Chapter, the States Parties shall take special account of the vulnerability of women to violence by reason of, among others, their race or ethnic background or their status as migrants, parw or displaced persons.
Similar consideration shall be given to women subjected to violence while pregnant or who are disabled, of minor age, elderly, socioeconomically disadvantaged, affected by armed conflict or deprived of their freedom. In order to protect the rights of every woman to be free from violence, the States Parties shall include convenicon their national reports to the Inter-American Commission of Women information parq measures belme to prevent and prohibit violence against women, and to assist women affected by violence, as well as on any difficulties they observe in applying those measures, convwncion the factors that contribute to violence against women.
Any person or group of persons, convenncion any nongovernmental entity legally recognized in one or more member states of the Organization, may lodge petitions with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights containing denunciations or complaints of violations of Article 7 of this Convention by a State Party, and the Commission shall consider such claims in accordance with the norms and procedures established by the American Convention on Human Rights and the Statutes and Regulations of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for lodging and considering petitions.
No part of this Convention shall be understood to restrict or limit the domestic law of any Parx Party that affords equal or greater protection and guarantees of the rights of women and appropriate safeguards to prevent and eradicate violence against women. Belek part of this Convention shall be understood to restrict or limit the American Convention on Human Rights or any other international convention on the subject that provides for equal or greater protection in this area.
This Convention is open to signature by all the member pada of the Organization of American States. This Convention is subject to ratification. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States.
This Convention is open to accession by any other state. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States. Any State may, at the time of approval, signature, ratification, or accession, make reservations to this Belek provided that such reservations are: Amendments shall enter into force for the states ratifying them on the date when two-thirds of the States Parties to this Convention have deposited their respective instruments of ratification.
With respect to the other States Parties, the amendments shall enter into force on the dates on which they deposit their doo instruments of ratification. If a State Party has two or more territorial units in which the matters dealt with in this Convention are governed by different systems of law, beem may, at the time of signature, ratification cojvencion accession, declare that this Convention shall extend to all its territorial units or to only one or more of them.
Such a declaration may xonvencion amended at any time by subsequent declarations, which shall expressly specify the territorial unit or units to which this Convention applies. Such subsequent declarations shall be transmitted to the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States, and shall enter into force thirty days after the date of their receipt. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit of the second instrument of ratification.
For each State that ratifies or accedes to the Convention after the second instrument of ratification is deposited, it shall enter into force thirty days after the date on which that State deposited its instrument of ratification or accession. The Secretary General shall inform all member states of the Organization of American States of the entry into force of this Convention.
The Secretary General of the Organization of American States shall present an annual report ddo the member states of the Organization on the status of this Convention, including the signatures, deposits of instruments of ratification and accession, and declarations, and any reservations that may have been presented by the States Parties, accompanied by a report thereon if needed.
This Convention shall remain in force indefinitely, fo any of the States Parties may denounce it by depositing an instrument to that effect with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States.
One year after the date of deposit of the instrument of denunciation, paraa Convention shall cease to be in effect for the denouncing State but shall remain in force for the remaining States Parties. The original instrument of this Convention, the English, French, Portuguese and Spanish texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States, which shall send a certified copy to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with the provisions of Article of the United Nations Charter.
On the thirtieth day after the second instrument of ratification. General Secretariat Original instrument and ratifications. Signed June 10, Signed September 14 Signed June 9, Signed June 9, 5. Signed October 17, 6. Signed June 9, 7. Signed June 24, 8. Signed June 10, 9. Signed October 5, Signed November 11, Signed June 30, Signed May 16, Signed June 6, Signed January blem, Signed August 14, Signed June 4, Signed October 19, Signed July 12, Signed March 5, Signed November 3, Assembly of the OAS at its ninth regular session.
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights is an organ of the Organization of the American States, created to promote the observance and defense of human rights and to serve as consultative organ of the Organization in this matter.
CONVENCION BELEM DO PARA PDF DOWNLOAD
For the purposes of the present Statute, human rights are understood to be: The rights set forth in bflem American Declaration bleem the Rights and Duties of Man, in relation to the other member states. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights shall be composed of seven members, who shall be persons of high moral character and recognized competence in the field of human rights. The Commission shall represent all the member states of the Organization.
The members of the Commission shall be elected in a personal capacity by the General Assembly of the Organization from a list of candidates proposed by the governments of the member states. Each government may propose up to three candidates, who may be nationals of co state proposing them or of any other member state of the Organization. When a slate of three is proposed, at least one of the candidates shall be a national of a state other then the proposing state.
Belém do Pará Convention
At least six months prior to completion of the terms of office for which the members of the Commission were elected, the Secretary General shall request, in writing, each member state of the Organization to present its candidates within 90 days. The Secretary General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of the candidates nominated, and shall transmit it to the member states of the Organization at least thirty days prior to the next General Assembly.
The members of the Commission shall be elected by secret ballot of the General Assembly from the list of candidates referred to in Article 4 2. The candidates who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the member states shall be declared elected.
MESECVI – Belém do Pará
Should it become necessary to hold several ballots to elect all the members of the Commission, the candidates who receive the smallest number of votes shall be eliminated successively, in the manner determined by the General Assembly.
The members of the Commission shall be elected for a term of four years and may be reelected only once. Their terms of office shall begin on January 1 of the year following the year in which they are elected. No two nationals of the same state may be members of the Commission. Membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights is incompatible with engaging in other functions that might affect the independence or impartiality of the member or the dignity or prestige of his post on the Commission.
The Commission shall consider any case that may arise regarding incompatibility in accordance with the provisions of the first paragraph of this Article, and in accordance with the procedures provided by its Regulations. If the Commission decides, by an affirmative vote of a least five of its members, that a case of incompatibility exists, it will submit the case, with its background, to the General Assembly for decision.
oara A declaration of incompatibility by the General Assembly shall be adopted by a majority of two thirds of the member states of the Organization and shall occasion the immediate removal of the member of the Commission from his post, but it shall not invalidate any action in which he may have participated.
The duties of the members of the Commission are: Except when justifiably prevented, to attend the regular and special meetings the Commission holds at its permanent headquarters or in any other place to which it may have decided to move temporarily. To serve, except when justifiably prevented, on the special committees which the Commission may form to conduct on-site observations, or to perform any other duties within their ambit.
To maintain absolute secrecy about all matters which the Commission deems confidential. To conduct themselves in their public and private life as befits the high moral authority of the office and the importance of the mission entrusted to the Commission.