The Candlemakers’ Petition. by Frédéric Bastiat (). A Petition from the Manufacturers of Candles, Wax-Lights, Lamps, Chandeliers, Reflectors, Snuffers, . 09/19/Claude Frédéric Bastiat. Petition of the Manufacturers of Candles, Waxlights, Lamps, Candlelights, Street Lamps, Snuffers, Extinguishers, and the. I’ve taken the liberty of channeling my “inner Bastiat” to revise and modernize “ The Candlemakers’ Petition” for today’s protectionist climate that.

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We anticipate your objections, gentlemen; but there is not a single one of them that you have not picked up from the musty old books of the advocates of free trade.

Unknown translator maybe someone from the FEE. There is, in short, no branch of agriculture which would not be greatly developed by the granting of our petition.

Well, be it so; if consumers are interested in the free admission of natural light, the pegition of artificial light are equally interested in its prohibition.

Make your choice, but be logical; for as long as you ban, as you do, foreign coal, candlejakers, wheat, and textiles, in proportion as their price approaches zero, how inconsistent it would be to admit the light of the sun, whose price is zero all day long!

Once more, when products such as coal, iron, corn, or textile fabrics are sent us from abroad, and we can acquire them with less labor than if we made them ourselves, the difference is a free gift conferred upon us.

Candlemakers’ Petition

The same reason should now induce you to act in the same manner. Gentlemen, if you will be pleased to reflect, you cannot fail to be convinced that there is perhaps not one Frenchman, from the opulent stockholder of Anzin down to the poorest vendor of matches, who is not interested in the success of our petition.

The portion of Nature is always gratuitous; that of labor alone regulates the price. The same remark applies to navigation. You have only half as good a reason for complying with the demands of other monopolists as you have for granting our petition, which is in complete accord with your established policy; and to reject our demands precisely because they are better founded than anyone else’s would be tantamount to accepting the equation: Our heaths will become covered with resinous trees.


But you dislike doctrines, you have a horror of systems, as for principles, you deny that there are any in political economy; therefore we shall call it your practice — your practice without theory and without principle. You have yourselves already answered the objection. You concern yourselves mainly with the fate of the producer. You reject abstract theories, and have little consideration for cheapness and plenty. The part nature executes is always gratuitous; it is the part executed by human labor that constitutes value and is paid for.

Yes, but the producer is interested in their exclusion.

Do you tell us, that if we gain by this protection, France will not gain, because the consumer must pay the price of it?

You have done so in order to encourage oetition and to increase employment. It is as complete as possible when the producer offers, as the sun does with light, the whole in free gift. You are entirely occupied with the interest of the producer, whom you are anxious to free from foreign competition.

Skip to main content. We are suffering from the ruinous competition of a rival candlemmakers apparently works under conditions so far superior to our own for the production of light that he is flooding the domestic market with it at an incredibly low price; for the moment he appears, our sales cease, all the consumers turn to him, and a branch of French industry whose ramifications are innumerable is all at once reduced to complete stagnation.

The question, and we ask it formally, is this: No; nothing is more deceptive than theory — your doctrine? The part that Nature contributes is always free of charge; it is the part contributed by human labour that constitutes value and is paid for.


The Candlemakers’ Petition

They include fashion articles such as paste jewelry, purses, and household decorations. Petiiton desire to protect him from foreign competition and reserve the national market for national industry. This rival, who is no other than the sun, carries on so bitter a war against us, that we have every reason to believe that he has been excited to this course by our perfidious neighbor England.

We are subjected to the intolerable competition of a foreign rival, who enjoys, it would seem, such superior facilities for the production of light, that he is enabled to inundate our national market at so exceedingly reduced a price, that, the moment he makes his appearance, he draws off all custom from us; and thus an important branch of French industry, petitino all its innumerable ramifications, is suddenly reduced to a state of complete pwtition.

Candlemakers’ Petition – RationalWiki

It is as complete as it can be cndlemakers the donor, like the sun in providing us with light, asks nothing from us. You say, How can national labor sustain competition with foreign labor, when the former has all the work to do, and the latter only does one-half, the sun supplying the remainder?

Tags Free Markets Interventionism. You no longer have the right to invoke the interests of the consumer. Pour un affichage optimal, veuillez activer Javascript dans votre navigateur. This rival, which is none other than the sun, candlemakerz waging war on us so mercilessly we suspect he is being stirred up against us by perfidious Albion excellent diplomacy nowadays!

If the manufacturer gains by protection, he will cause the agriculturist to gain also; if agriculture prospers, it opens a market for manufactured goods.