Embed: Artists Chiquinha Gonzaga. Release. $ Length ; Released ; BPM ; Key G maj; Genre Big Room; Label Novoson SL. Composer and musician Chiquinha Gonzaga, born Francisca Edwiges “ Atraente” was called a polka when it was first published in 14 nov. Stream Chiquinha Gonzaga – Atraente (Alexandre Dias, piano) by Alexandre Dias 4 from desktop or your mobile device.

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Chiquinha was also the founder of the Brazilian Society of Theater Authors. The usages and consumption were modified. Retrieved from ” https: For her mother, a mestizo and poor woman, the birth of Chiquinha was a very difficult, in part because of the risk that the father would not recognize the paternity of her daughter.

Chiquinha Gonzaga – Atraente (Polka) sheet music for Flute

Because of this episode, Chiquinha Nair end up losing touch. Even with all these social changes, manners were not so advanced.

Rio de Janeiro in those times was already turning into a metropolitan center, gradually growing according to the development of external trade. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chiquinha Gonzaga. Many times, she has a leading position for the suffragist movement.

Chiquinha Gonzaga – Atraente (Polka) sheet music for Flute –

Rio de JaneiroBrazil. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Chiquinha Gonzaga was born in Rio de Janeiro, from a mestizo mother and a wealthy white father — after she was born her father became a marshal.

The first or maternal family name is Neves and the second or paternal family name is Gonzaga. On 17 Octoberto commemorate what would have been her st birthday, Google released a Google Doodle celebrating her. After the success of her first printed composition, she decided to start to do vaudeville and revue. Problems playing this file? However, since with the arrival of the Royal Family in Brazilwomen began to circulate more in the streets, dancing in receptions, to come to parties at theater and opera.

Therefore, the music became her sole purpose in life. The city now had the appearance of a European city. In Brazil in the late 19th century, women were often seen on a quasi role of slave; few dared to defy their parents and husbands; when that happened, chkquinha were quickly sent to reformatories and convents.


Between andChiquinha travelled through Europe, becoming particularly famous in Portugal, where she wrote songs for various authors. As Chiquinha could not accept his extra-marital betrayals, she splits and again loses a daughter. Her husband, however, did not let Chiquinha take her younger children: After a few years, the couple returned to Brazil without arousing any suspicions to be living as husband and chiwuinha.

Despite these disagreements, he accepted the child as his daughter and married. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Playing Brazilian popular music in the palace of the Brazilian Government was regarded at the time as a violation of the protocol, which caused controversy in the upper echelons of society and politicians.

This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat Rio de JaneiroEmpire of Brazil.

At that time, Chiquinha was already very famous but very criticized by the society of her time. At that time, she was famous but highly criticized by the masculine society of her time. For the young Chiquinha, nothing had changed, she always obeyed the orders of atraentr father. She was devoted entirely to her music, which was very successful, as her career grew and she became very famous as a composer of polkas, waltzes, atrarnte and ditties.

Unable to withstand the life on the ship where her husband served and where he spent more time than with his familystraente psychological and physical abuses and humiliation, because he did not agree that she would pursue a musical career, Chiquinha leaves her husband and asks for the divorce, a scandal at the time. Chiquinha adopted him as a son, in order to be able to live this great love.

This name uses Portuguese naming customs. Gonaga need to adjust the piano sound to popular taste are the reason of Chiquinha Gonzaga’s glory to become the first popular composer of Brazil.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. After separating from her husband, Chiquinha lived as an independent musician, playing piano in music instrument stores. They fell in love but the age difference was too large and would cause more prejudice and suffering in the life of Chiquinha. Like all girls of a military family in the 19th century, Chiquinha Gonzaga was very well educated.


In Mayit was enacted the law establishing the National Day of Brazilian Popular Music, celebrated on the day of her birthday. This episode was considered a scandal at the time, with critics against the government, the life at the palace, the promotion and dissemination of music whose origins were in “vulgar” dances, contrary to the values of the aristocratic social elite.

The port of Rio de Janeiro became the financial and commercial center of the Empirewhich were trading coffee, slaves and foreign goods that fascinated the new consumers.

Chiquinha Gonzaga at age She learned to read and write, do maths and primarily play the piano. At age 11, she composed her first musical work.

Chiquinha Gonzaga – Atraente (Polka) sheet music for Piano –

At the end of her chiqulnha, she composed music for 77 theater plays and was the author of about two thousand compositions in different genres: She was 52 years old and John the Baptist, has only Jacinto do Amareal was chosen by her father to marry Chiquinha even though she had expressed her disagreement with this arranged marriage.

Her father, very strict with her education,prepared her for a successful future: Views Read Edit View history. This decision was taken to avoid the scandals regarding her own children and the society of the time, and to not affect her brilliant career.