ASNAF E ADAB PDF

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Musalman shua’ra to isay muzhbi fareeza samjh ker likhtay hainLaiken hindu shuaara nae bi is iltazaam ko barqrar rakha hai. Laiken istallah mein Hamm’d is nazm ko kahtay hain “jo Allah Tuaa’la ki azmat aur kibraai bayan kernay mein likhe jaae”.

Jis men shaair amooman apnay zaati mahol, fitrati manazar ki kaifiyat bayan kerta hai. Dakan k ‘Nizami Baedri ‘ ne masnivi “Pidam Rao” likh ker urdu adab main masvini ki intada ki. NaatNaat ka lugwi maani hai “kisi shakh’s mein achi aur qabil e tareef sifaat ka paya jana aur is safaat ka bayan kerna”- Naat arbi zuban ka lafz hai, agerchay arbi zuban mein tareef o toseef k liye Hamm’d o Sana aur Mud’ah k alfaz bi aatay hain, laiken istalahmein Naat ka lafz “Rasool Ullah saa’llaha Hu Alaihay Wasalim “ki safaat o sana bayan kernay k liye makhsos kiya gaya hai.

TashaibIsay qaseeday ki tamheed b kahtay hain, is hisay mein shaair Mana’zar e fitrat ki akaasi kerta hai, ba-ikhlaq batain kerta hai. Soda k bad “Insha” aur “Mus’hafi” ne qaseday ko taraqi de. Qaseeda k pahle dono misray aur baqi sari nazm k ashaar k dosray misray hum qafia hotay hain. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Hamm’d ka agaaz usi waqt ho gaya tha jab urdu adab ki ibtada hue.

Is sinf main choo’nkay shaair kisi shakhs ki tareef o toseef k khayal se irada’tan shair kahta hai is liye is sinf ko Qaseeda kahtay hain. Yaani jis qaseeday mein mad’ah ki jae.

Urdu shaayri ki koi he sinf aise ho ge jis main Naat na kahi gae ho, Qadeem urdu shaura Hamm’d e baari Taa’la k bad Naat paak se apnay deewanon ko muzayyan kiya. Jo Pind o Nasai’ah pe mushtamil ho.

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Ibtadaye dor main”Muhammad Ali Qutab Shah” aur “Nusrati” mashhur qaseeda go ko hasiyat se ubharay laiken “Soda” vo wahid shaa’ir hai jis ne Qaseeday ko arooj bakhsha.

Is k ashaar ki tadad aasnaf nai. Mirza Shauq ki anaf e Ishq” main soz o gudaaz ne aik dilcha’sp kaifiyat paida ker di the. Qaseeday mein ashaar ki tadaad ki koi had muka’rar nai. Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu adab mein qaseeda mugaliya sal’tunat k zawal k bad shooro hua. Arbi aur farsi mein is ka koi wajud nai aue na he kisik taqleed mein ye Urdu raa’ej hue. Haqeeqat ye hai k Zoq k bad qaseeday ko zawal a gaya,jab k bad hindustan main badshahat aur nawabi ka dour khatum hua to qaseeda b is k sath khatum ho gaya.

Albata kuch shaura ne mazhbi aur buzargan e din kishaan mein qaseeday likhay – in meinIsma’el Mairthi, Arzoo, Muhsin Kaakorvi aur Haali k naam qabil e zikar hain. Ghalib ne b qaseeday likhaylaiken in k qaseedon mein vo khoobiyan nai thein jo inhein dosray qaseeda nigaron se mumtaz ker sakein.

Mukh’amisMukh’amis k maani hain paanch paanch 5,5 ki shakal mein rakha hua – Istalah mein Mukh’amis se murad vo sinf e nazm hai “jis ka har band 5 misron pe mushtamil ho”. MasnviMasnvika lafz mushtiq hai ‘mas’naa’ se – Jis k maani hain do 2. AHazrat Ali R.

Arz e TalabIs hisay mein shair apnay mam’doh se shaairana andaz main inaam o ikraam talab kerta hai.

[email protected] University: urdu Kay Asnaf-E-Adab

Hamm’d ka mozo buht wasee aur motno’o hai. In ka rab’t pahle 4 misron se hota hai. DuaQaseeday k Is akhrai hisay mein shair mam’doh k liye dua kerta hai aur maqta likh ker qaseeda khatam ker daita hai. Is nazm k pahle paanchon misray hum-qafia hotay hain mager baad mein aanay walay tamam bandon k pahle char 4 misronka qafia pahle band ae mukh’talif hota hai. Urdu qaseeday mein Tareef k elawa is mein dosray moz’oo b miltay hain maslan: Nazir Akbar Abadi ne akser nazmain isi hayyat mein likein hain.

Muss’adas bandon pe mushtamil hoti hailaiken is k bandon ki tadad mutayan nai hai. GuraizQaseeday ka mukh’tasreen hisa sirf do ashaar pe mushtamil hota hai. Yaani jis qaseeday mein kisi fard ya idaray ki hijo ki jae. Mas’vini ki khoobi ye hai k is k ashaar mein bahmi rab’t aur tas’alsul ho. Dour e jadeed mein urdu k baishtar shaura ka rujhan naat goyi ki tarah ho raha hai, Ye aik naik faalhai, kuch shaura sirf Naat he kahtay hain aur inhon ne kisi dosri sinf e adab ki taraf deehan he nai diya ,maslan Hafeez Tai’eb, Hafiz ludhyanvi, Hafiz Mazhar ul Din Wagaira.

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Agaaz o IrtaqaUrdu mein Mas’vini ki sinf doosri isnaf ki tarah farsi adab se aaye.

Shidat, taa’sur, mazameen k taa,salsul aur mosiqiyat aur apnay daman ki woo’sat ki bina pe ye sinf e sukhen zyada maqbol hue. MudahIs hisay mein shair mam’doh ki tareef kerta hai aur baz okaat mubagla se b kaam laita hai.

URDU ASNAF-E-ADAB BY ATAURRAHMAN NOORI

Hafiz Jhulan’dhari ka “Shaah nama e Islam” qabil e zikr masnvi hai. Aur is ki wusast ki koi had nai. S Bin Kaa’b ka Qaseeda “Laamia ” aur Allama Boseeri ka qaseeda “Burda” apnay jazba e ishq ki bina per aik khaas muqam k hamil hain, joon joon Islam phailta gaya, Naat ka riwaj b phailta gaya. Muss’adasMuss’adas se murad vo sinf e nazm hai “jis mein har band k 6 misray hotay hain”. Aur Urdu mein is ka aghaz Dakan se he hua. Mazameen k lihaz se Qaseeday ki chaar qismein: Qaseeda k AjzaaQaseeda k ajzaa e tarkeebi paanch 5 hain: QaseedaQaseeda arbi k lafz “Qasad” se nikla hai, jis ka matlab hai irada kerna.

Muss’adas khalis’tan urdu sinf e sukhan hai.

A aur degar sahaba karam k naatia ashaar ab b miltay hain. Hamaray dor mein Abdul Aziz khalid ne afab naatia maj’moon ” Faar Qaleet aur Man’hamna” ne mukhtlif hayyaton mein Naat ka kamyab tujarba kiya hai aur deegar shuaara ne bi is ki paerwi ki hai.

Urdu adab k her shaair ne Hamm’d e baari k ashaar likhay hain. Urdu mein “Ameer mee’naai” aur “Muhsin Kaakorvi “k do naam aisay hain jinhein is sinf main awaleen ka sharf hasil hai.