Aresti’s fundamental insight was that almost any aerobatic figure can be broken down Pingback: Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols) | The Aerobatic Project. EXPLANATION OF ARESTI SYMBOLS. Beginning of flight. | End of flight. Inside loop (positive G). Start of manoeuvre. Outside loop (negative G). First published in , José Luis de Aresti’s ‘Sistema Aresti’ provided Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols), Part 1: the Standard Known.

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This requires constantly changing rudder and elevator control inputs throughout the roll.

The FAA commercial pilot version is similar but the maximum bank is only 45 degrees instead of 90 degrees. By combining these symbols, you can manufacture thousands of multipart maneuvers, and by combining maneuvers you arestk form air show type sequences. Try to stay over a landmark on the ground to simulate the audience location. It was used for international competitions through This is the easiest of the rolls to fly.

Figure 2 shows an outside snap. Dotted lines like this are often used to keep the maneuvers from being drawn on top of each other. Software is available to design and display aerobatic sequences using Aresti notation. The aileron and barrel rolls are not flown in aerobatic competitions. Rolls on the downline require only aileron input if the plane is trimmed correctly. You pull up and at the same time bank the plane. For instance the quarter loops going into and coming out of a hammerhead have to have the same radius.


This trades speed for altitude.

This maneuver combines a turn with rolls. Past the top, the back pressure is slowly increased again throughout the back part till horizontal flight.

Aresti Catalog – Wikipedia

This section will focus on learning sequences of maneuvers designed to improve your flying skills and, more important, showing your flying skills and the capabilities of your computer and software. The angle of bank stays constant during the first 90 degrees of turn, while the pitch angle increases steadily.

When the plane stops climbing, it pivots around its vertical axis which is now horizontal. As you move up in difficulty level, more maneuvers are included.


Figure 1 shows the symbol for a regular inside snap roll. Stalled wing manoeuvers such as spins and snap flick rolls are represented by triangles. Going into the figure and coming out, the same rules apply as for other figures quarter loops of constant and equal radius, vertical lines.

This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Loop to the IAC judging standard.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Once past the vertical, the back pressure on the elevator is slowly relaxed to float over to top of the loop to keep it round. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aresti-Symbols. The two vertical lines and the horizontal line on top have to be of the same length.


This is another variation of the basic loop.

The name Lazy Eight comes from the fact that the nose of the airplane is following a figure 8 on its side on the horizon. This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Hammerhead to the IAC competition judging standard. Slow rolls are flown normally on a straight line one exception is rolls flown at the top of a loop. Skip to main content. Practice at this point is prohibited, and pilots are faced with the necessity of flying a brand new combination of figures without rehearsal.

Portions of arcs approx. Each figure starts at the small solid circle and ends at the vertical bar. Then employed throughout Spain, the Spanish Aero Club urged its adoption internationally. Feel free to make up routines of your own. The downline can be used to adjust the altitude and speed at the end of the figure.