One exception is the Gelastocoridae, which are riparian and possess short antennae. The truly Most aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera are predatory. Hemiptera, Gelastocoridae, Nerthra, China. Introduction. Toad bugs ( Gelastocoridae) are a remarkable group of aquatic bugs (Nepomorpha). which are derived. Key to California semiaquatic and aquatic Hemiptera based on habitats and habits of the Nepomor- pha. suggested that the Ochteridae and Gelastocoridae.

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The male of Nerthra asiatica is recorded and reviewed for the first time. Some Northern Hemisphere species deposit eggs in small holes in mud under stones near the water.

Apex of head with four tubercles, one at the apex is not visible in the dorsal view, the others sometimes rather indistinct Fig. Cimicoidea Anthocoridae minute pirate bugs or flower bugs Cimicidae bed bugs, bat bugs Curaliidae Curalium cronini Joppeicidae Lasiochilidae Lyctocoridae Medocostidae Microphysidae Miridae plant bugs, leaf bugs, grass bugs Nabidae damsel bugs Pachynomidae Squatic Polyctenidae old world bat bugs Reduviidae assassin bugs, wheel bugs, thread-legged bugs Thaumastocoridae royal palm bugs Tingidae lace bugs Velocipedidae.

XML Treatment for Nerthra indica. Connexivum broadly expanded laterally in both sexes. Aradoidea Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs. Scutellum elevated, apex slightly lobed, with tumescences at the middle of the lateral margins. We strive to provide accurate information, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world.


Family Gelastocoridae – Toad Bugs

Fan Memorial Gelastoforidae of Biology, Peiping, pp. They are considers to be semi-aquatic species occurring in riparian and littoral areas of lentic water bodies or from very slow flowing areas of rivers.

Ventral surface and the apex of the fore, middle, and hind legs dark brown. Very little is known about the biology of Australian Nerthra species.

Family Gelastocoridae – Toad Bugs –

Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Nepomorpha of south-eastern Asia. Enicocephaloidea Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, gnat bugs. Northern Hemisphere species seem to be nocturnal, hiding and resting during the day then crawling across wet or damp substrata at night to forage and hunt.

Apart from the no doubt considerable physical protection that the armour affords them, the layer of sand renders them effectively invisible on the ground unless they move at the wrong moment. Nymphs of many species cover themselves with a layer of sand grains. Major Groups Insecta insects Hemiptera bugs Gelastocoridae. The life cycle is poorly known.


Nieser N, Chen PP. Alydidae broad-headed bugs Coreidae squash bugs, leaf-footed bugs Hyocephalidae Rhopalidae scentless plant bugs Stenocephalidae. Infraorder Nepomorpha, families Ochteridae and Gelastocoridae.


Right paramere swollen apically and stick out at middle. Mononyx projectus Distant, Transactions of the American Entomological Society Australia wide Sensitivity Rating: Click the contributor’s name for licensing and usage information. Hebridae velvet water bugs. In view of its inability to fly, its wide distribution is attributed to dispersion by drift on plant debris Todd In the shape of the pronotum it would seem to be closely related to N. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide this service.

Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs. Nerthra spissa has a rather large male clasper for the size of the insect, nearly straight, cylindrical, abruptly narrowed to point at apex, twisted, and the aedeagal furrow obliquely crossing the basal half of clasper.