: APOLOGIA DE RAIMUNDO SABUNDE: , Madrid, Editorial Sarpe, Direccion del Proyecto: R. B. A., Editoriales, Coleccion Los Grandes. Results 1 – 22 of 22 Apología de Raimundo Sabunde. by Montaigne, Michel De. and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now. Apología de Raimundo Sabunde by Michel de Montaigne at – ISBN – ISBN – Sarpe. – – Hardcover.

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Aristotle is of opinion that Nightingales teach their young ones to sing, wherein they employ both long time and much care: Which booke seeming to me both over-rich and exquisite, being written by an author whose name is so little knowne, and of whom all we know is, that he was a Spaniard, who about two hundred yeeres since professed Physicke in Tholouse: Cranes with their bils to minister glisters of sea-water unto themselves; the Elephants to pull out, not only from themselves and their fellowes, but also from their masters witnesse that of King Porus, whom Alexander defeated such javelins or darts as in raaimundo have beene hurled or shot at them, so nimbly and so cunningly as ourselves could never do it so xabunde and with so little paine: Our histories report the earnest pursuit and sharpe chase that some dogges have made for the death of their masters.

But to returne to our purpose: And if not at all times, no more doth she unto beasts; witnesse the provision wee see the ants and other silly creatures to make against the cold and barren seasons of the yeare.

In the end, the last come brought unto the other a worme from their habitation, as for a ransome of the dead, which worme the first company tooke upon their backes, and carried it home, leaving the dead body unto the other.

It was a bare and simple commandement whereof man should enquire and know no further: Surely we have strangely overpaid this worthie discourse, whereof we so much glorie, and this readinesse to judge, or capacitie to Know, if we have purchased the same with the price of so infinite passions to which we are uncessantly enthralled.

Raymond of Sabunde – Wikipedia

Their hens know no other cocke but their owne: For to impute that only to a quicknesse of the sense of hearing, without discourse or con sequence, is but a fond conceipt, and cannot enter into my imagination. We thinke it strange if in warres, which at this time doe so oppresse our state we see the events to float so strangely, and with so common and ordinarie a manner to change and alter: And although this remedie may haply proceed from a squeamish and cold humor, yet it is a wonderfull signe of apoloya imbecillitie that the use and knowledge should so make us to be cloyd one of an other.

Touching other matters, we manifestly perceive that there is a full and perfect communication amongst them, and that not only those of one same kinde understand one another, but even such as are of different kindes. Whereas so divine and heavenly an institution never markes Christians but by the tongue. So did the lamprey which Crassus had, and came to him when he called it: They had charge given them, not onely of one simple moving, but of many and severall parts in the combat.

As for the rest, they thinke to have faire play offered them if they have free liberty to combat our religion with meere worldly weapons; raimhndo they durst not charge, did they behold her in her majesty, full of authority and commandement.

Raymond of Sabunde

And amongst those that run wilde, their song is not all one nor alike. Wherefore shall we imagine that naturall compulsion in them, that prove no such effect our selves? It is that which himselfe telleth us, that by his visible operations be doth manifest those that are invisible to us.


Yet are not raimujdo altogether unapt to be instructed after our manner.

The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII

The Italians proportion it big and plum; the Spaniards spynie and lanke; rraimundo amongst us one would have her white, another browne, and soft and delicate, another strong and lustie; some desire wantonnesse and blithnesse, and othersome sturdinesse and majestie to be joyned with it. In sooth, for those creatures ve which have the use of reason; those are Gods and men, than whom assuredly nothing is better. Why shall we not say that it is as naturall for us to arme our selves with wood and yron?

And the same men, now by their violence and rashnesse, and now through their slowness demissnes, and heavines to spoile, and as it were overthrow our affaires, but that they are thrust into them by casual motives, and particular consideration, according to the diversities wherewith they are moved? All which is a most evident token that we receive our alologa but according to our fashion and by our owne hands, and no otherwise than other religions are received.

Tantum est hoc regnum quod regibus imperat ipsis. For the vulgar wanting the faculty to judge of things by themselves, suffering it selfe to be carried away by fortune and led on by outward apparances, if once it be possessed with the boldnesse to despise and malapertnesse to impugne the opinions which tofore it held in awful reverence as are those wherein consisteth their salvation and t hat some articles of their religion be made doubtfull and questionable, they will soon and easily admit an equal uncertainty in all other parts of their beleefe, as they that had no other grounded authoritie or foundation but such as are now shaken and weakned, and immediately reject as a tyrannical yoke all impressions they had in former times received by the authoritie of Lawes, or reverence of ancient custome.

But silly wretch, what hath he in him worthie such an advantage? Except it seize upon us, and as it were enter into us by an extraordinarie infusion: Did it ever exempt, or could it at any time free them from humane inconveniences? Every one must not have the knowledge of his dutie referred to his owne judgement, but ought rather to have it prescribed unto him, and not be fe to chose it at his pleasure and free will: It is reported that the ravens of Barbary will doe the like, sabunre the water sabunre would drinke is rai,undo low.

Since it is more honourable to be addressed to act, and tyed to worke orderly, by and through a natural and fe condition and most approching to Divinitie, than regularly to worke and act by and through a casuall and rash libertie; and it is safer to leave the raimund of our conduct unto nature than unto our selves.

And if it happen they be dispoyled rsimundo this ornament, and of the helpe and approbation of faith, and taken but asbunde meere humane fantazies, yet to combat those that headlong are fallen into the dreadfull error and horrible darkenesse of irreligious even then shall they be found as firme and forcible as any other of that condition that may be opposed against them.

The preparations in our kitchens doe nothing at al concede her lawes. And hath moreover instructed them in everything fit and requisite for them, as to swim, to runne, to creepe, to flie, to roare, to bellow, and to sing: Who perceiveth and seeth himselfe placed here amidst the filth and mire of the world, fast-tied and nailed to the worst, most senselesse, and drooping part of the world, in the vilest corner of the house, and farthest from heavens coape, with those creatures that are the worst of the three conditions; and yet dareth imaginarily place himself above the circle of the moon, and reduce heaven under his feet.


Thence forward he and I lived together the full space of three yeares in his den, with such meat as he shifted-for; for what beasts he killed, or what prey soever he tooke, he ever brought home the better part and shared it with me, which for want of fire I rotted in the Sunne, and therewith nourished my selfe all that while. How rainundo he by the vertue of his understanding the inward and secret motions of beasts?

Let us moreover observe, that man is the onely creature whose wants offend his owne fellowes, and he alone that in naturall actions m ust withdraw and sequester himselfe from those of his owne kinde.

And if it be so that he alone, above all other creatures, hath this liberty of imagination and this licence of thoughts which represent unto him both what is and what is not, and what him pleaseth, falsehood and truth; it is an advantage bought at a very high rate, and whereof he hath little reason to glorie: But that which experience teacheth sea-faring men, especially those that come into the seas of Sicilie, of the qualitie and condition of rai,undo Halcyon bird, or as some call it alcedo or kings-fisher, exceeds all mens conceit.

These are but particular effects, but that which all the world hath seene, and all men know, which is, that in all the armies that came out of the East, their chiefest strength consisted in their elephants, by whom they reaped, without comparison, farre greater effects than now adaies we do by our great ordnance, which in a manner holds their place in a apolga battel such as have any knowledge in ancient histories may easily guesse it to be true.

And now useth one, and then another knot, except she had an imaginary kinde of deliberation, fore-thought, and conclusion?

Let us but hearken unto the greatest and most victorious Emperour that ever, was, how pleasantly he laughs and wittily he plaies at so many battells and bloody fights, hazarded by both sea and land, at the blood and lives of five hundred thousand soules which followed his fortune, and the strength and riches of two parts of the world consumed and drawne drie for the service of his enterprise: To which purpose we have our slaves or bond-men; and were not the Climacides certain women in Syria, which creeping on al foure upon the ground, served the ladies in steed of footstoles or ladders to get up into their coachs?

Oh men, most braine-sicke and miserable, that endeavour to be worse than they can! Man doth willingly apply other mens sayings to the advantage of the opinions he hath fore-judged in himselfe. Wherefore doe we attribute the workes which excell whatever we can performe, either by nature or by art, unto a kinde of unknowne, naturall, and servile inclination?

My Master said he being Proconsull in Affrica, forsomuch as he caused me every day to be most cruelly beaten, and held me in so rigorous bondage, I was constrained, as being wearie of my life, to run away; and safely to scape from so eminent a person, and who had so great authoritie in the Countrie, I thought it best to get me to the desart and most unfrequented wildernesses of that region, with a full resolution, if I could not compasse the meanes to sustaine my selfe, to finde one way or other, with violence to make myselfe away.