In “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema” Bazin speaks o: the image as being evaluated not according to what it adds t< reality but what it reveals of it. "The Evolution of the Language of Cinema". Andre Bazin. Jean Renoir; Precursor to Welles, understood the importance of depth; Orson Welles. Film critic Andre Bazin had very strong feelings on the subject of montage and realism. In his article “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema”, he explains his .

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It is not a long history for an art. It preserves the mystery and, as perhaps Welles did best, creates a sort of magic in the performance of cinema—revealing the magic and drama of reality itself, the dramatic potential of conflict between evolhtion. The concept men had of it existed so to speak fully armed in their minds, as if in some platonic heaven, and what strikes us most of all is the obstinate resistance of matter to ideas rather than of any help offered by techniques to the imagination of the researchers.

Photography enjoys a certain hazin in virtue of this transfer- ence of reality from the thing to its reproduction.

The Evolution of Film Language – André Bazin

Javert or D’Artagnan have become part of a mythology existing outside of the novels. But Wyler knew very well that alone it would destroy the spatial and temporal equilibrium of the shot. It is certainly not my intention to champion some supposed superiority of form over content.

His words of course cannot be heard. It is precisely this generally accepted notion that is implicitly challenged, as early as the silent era, by directors such as Erich von Stroheim, F. In this way, Wyler kills two birds with one baxin Exaggerations and Stereotypes of Schizophrenia in Contemporary Films.

The per- sonality of the photographer enters into the proceedings only in his selection of the object to be photographed and by way of the purpose he has in mind.

The image — its visual structure and its organization within time — because it can now draw on greater realism, has more means at its disposal of inflecting and modifying reality from within. Dramatic effects for which we had formerly relied on montage were created out of the movements of the actors within a fixed framework.


An Analysis of Film Critic Andre Bazin’s Views on Expressionism and Realism in Film

He claims that the introduction of sound, far from destroying film as an art form, actually enhanced it as an essential element of reality. The silent cinema could only counteract this tendency.

There are various means of achieving the same end.

Editing plays practically no role at all in their films, except in the purely negative sense of eliminating what is superfluous. Then suddenly, to our horror, the director abandons his montage of separate shots that has kept the protagonists apart and gives us instead parents, child, and lioness all in the same full shot.

Jared Parmenter rated it it was amazing Sep 24, Rousseau had already noted that this literature was not without offense. In addition, the print had no subtitles and I imagine tkat Feuillade himself would have had difficulty in trying to recog- nize the murderers.

However decisive the art of Marcel Carne, for example, in j our estimate of the respective values of Quai des Egolution or of Le j Jour se live his editing remains on the level of the reality he is j analyzing. What- ever the truth of the matter and even if the automatons from the time of Descartes and Pascal on foreshadowed the machines of the nineteenth cen- tury, it is no different from the way that trompe-l’oeil in painting attested to a chronic taste for likeness.

He was content to survive in his portrait by Le Brun. Perceptions of Heroes and Villains in European Literature. Indeed it is worth noting that today science, as a result of experiments carried out by distinguished investigators, has rediscovered a te of truth in anthropomorphism.

But it is most of all Stroheim who rejects photographic ex- pressionism and the tricks of montage. We would undoubtedly find scattered among the works of others elements of nonexpressionistic cinema in which montage plays no part — even including Griffith, 27 But these examples suffice to reveal, at the very heart of the silent film, a cinematographic art the very opposite of that which has been identified as “cinema par excellence,” a language the semantic and syntactical unit of which is in no sense the Shot; in which the image is evaluated not according to what ,anguage adds to reality but what it reveals of it.


It is above all in the direction taken by Stroheim and Murnau, almost entirely neglected in the s, that the cinema has been veering more or less consciously in the last ten years. The crime and gangster film 5.

So that it is less a ques- tion basically of a technical problem, the solution of which has admittedly been made easier, than of a search after a style — a point to which we will come back. My intention not being to draw up a list of prize-winners, there is little use in dwelling on the Soviet, British, German, or Italian films for which these years were less significant than the ten that were to follow.

The narrative of Welles and Wyler is no less explicit than that of Ford, but it has the advantage of not having to forfeit the special effects that can be obtained from the unity of the image in time and space. Murnau, and Robert Flaherty, have by implication cast a doubt.


As in the films of Evolutionn and in spite of conflicts of style, neorealism tends to give back to the cinema a sense of the ambiguity of reality. University of California Press, c Here’s an example of what they look like: In cinema between andhe sees two trends:.

University of California Press, cp. That is to say, the real revolution took place more on the level of evoluttion matter than of style. Take, for example, a documentary about conjuring!

The partially blurred image, which came in only with editing, was not simply due to technical subservience resulting from the use of close shots; it was the logical consequence of editing, evolutiob plastic equivalent.

As well as the actual gaze of the characters, Wyler also excels at getting across to us the virtual gaze of the camera, with which our own eyes identify themselves.