Alcmaeon of Croton was an early Greek medical writer and . Later authors such as Iamblichus (VP , ), Philoponus (De An. p. 88), and. Philosopher and naturalist Greek, who lived in the 5th century BC Some authors consider it a disciple of Pythagoras, given that continues th. View the profiles of people named Alcmeon de Crotona. Join Facebook to connect with Alcmeon de Crotona and others you may know. Facebook gives people.

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The Extant FragmentsNew Haven: Other scholars regard the remark as genuine e. Because of difficulties dating Alcmaeon’s birth, his importance has been neglected.

The crptona majority of scholars since have accordingly regarded Alcmaeon as a figure independent of the Pythagoreans e.

Alcmeón de Crotona – Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre

An extremely late dating for his activity after BCE makes him appear to espouse the typical views of the age rather than to break new ground. Xenophanes Pherecydes Hippo Diogenes Alcmaeon.

Views Read Edit View history. Aldmeon earliest Presocratic cosmologies in Ionia e. The University of Chicago Press.

He regarded the eye as composed of water and fire and vision as taking place when what is seen is reflected in the gleaming and translucent part of the eye. Although Alcmaeon is often described as a pupil of Pythagorasthere are reasons to doubt whether he was a Pythagorean at all; [17] his name seems to have crept into lists of Pythagoreans alvmeon us crotoona later writers.

It has been suggested that this image is borrowed from Alcmaeon Barnes; Skemp36 ff. Oxford University Press, — Alcmaeon has been somewhat neglected in recent scholarship on early Greek philosophy e. Zhmud [a, —;97—] is the notable exceptionalthough, as a fellow citizen of Croton, he will have been familiar with their thought. There is, however, little direct evidence for his work as a practicing physician.


Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. More significantly, he used analogies with animals and plants in developing his accounts of human physiology. Referred to as [DK]. On this reading Fr. The soul alcmeoh like the heavenly bodies, which Alcmaeon regarded as divine and immortal DK, A1, A12in being always in motion, so it is also like them in being immortal.

He has also xe hailed as the first to use dissection, but this is based on a hasty reading alckeon the evidence. But why did Alcmaeon suppose that the soul must be always in motion? Sense organs also have pores, but these function not to connect the sense organ to the seat of intelligence which for Empedocles is the heart but to determine whether the sense organ can receive the effluences that are poured forth by external objects Solmsen; Wright Alcmaeon of Croton was an early Greek medical writer and philosopher-scientist.

It seems likely, however, that Alcmaeon distinguished between human beings as individual bodies, which do perish, and as aalcmeon, which do not Barnes Fondation Hardt, Entretiens He also practiced astrology and meteorology. Certainly most of the opposites which are mentioned as crucial to Alcmaeon do not appear in the Pythagorean table of opposites, and there is no trace of the crucial Pythagorean opposition between limit and unlimited in Alcmaeon.

DiscussionNew Brunswick and Alcmekn The sentence in bold above is missing in one of the major manuscripts and Alexander cotona no mention of it in his commentary on the Metaphysics. Aristotle wrote two books on the Pythagoreans but wrote a separate book on Alcmaeon.

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Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. Aristotle says that “Alcmaeon of Croton lived when Pythagoras was old,” [ Metaphysics1, v, 30, a] but it would appear that the passage is interpolated.


Socrates connects this view of the brain with an empiricist epistemology, which Aristotle will later adopt Posterior Analytics a3 ff. It is unclear whether Alcmaeon wrote in the Doric dialect of Croton or in the Ionic Greek of the first Presocratics Burkert, n.

Although Diels accepted the text as Aristotelian, others have seen the parallel with Iamblichus as evidence crotpna it is a remark by a later commentator and have pointed out that the report in Iamblichus involves aalcmeon chronological impossibilities e.

Mirror Sites View this site from another server: As a result, they are incapacitated when it is disturbed or changes its place, for it then stops the channels, through which the senses operate. Apart from this possibility regarding Aristoxenus, no one earlier than Diogenes Laertius ca.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. There are three references to his astronomical theory DK, A4.

He probably argued that human seed was drawn from the brain DK, A He also stated that the eye contains both fire and water, with vision occurring once something is seen and reflected by the gleaming and translucent part of the eye.

Pluralist Anaxagoras Archelaus Empedocles.

It is more likely that he simply distinguished between larger more interior blood vessels as opposed to smaller ones close to the surface Lloyd crotonna, This suggests that Brotinus could have been the addressee of the book any time between and BCE.