Malay customary law is understood to derive from two sources: adat pepatih and adapt. Adat pepatih developed among the matrilineal Minangkabau of Sumatra. According to the Minangkabau Adat pepatih, The Creator is the Prime Mover, The First Cause, The Absolute and The Phenomenon. Although we learn about. What is adat land? • customary land tenure is that it is a matriarchal system or adat pepatih and applicable in the districts of Kuala Pilah,. Rembau, Jelebu and.

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The unmarried males have the right of life occupancy over the property of their mothers.

Adat perpatih

Adat Pepatih is in conflict with Islamic rules in the sphere of land inheritance. It is perhaps one of the most powerful statements relating to adat and its place in Malay society. Although it seemed to prejudice the men in Negeri Sembilan, common justice ought to make us qdat that the system worked well.

This has open a new era of development to a community that has been living in the state of backwardness and oppression of the feudal lords. Log In Sign Up. Views Read Edit View history.

Female members hold the property in trust for the family.

When he happens to be a litigant, he appears to be unhappy about it. Female members can only inherited in equal shares of property according to the Will. The nature of Malay law Malay laws were never committed to writing, they were constantly overriden by autocratic chiefs and unjust judges, they varied in each state, they did not harmonized with the doctrine of Islam that they professed to follow, they were often expressed in methaphores or proverbs that seemed to baffeled interpretation.


It covers family law, succession, property, contract, crime and punishment, judicial procedure and evidence. Help Center Find new research papers in: Female members owns the rights to hold the property in trust behalf of the family respectively.

The only explanation suggested is that the Adah in the Peninsular are believed to have come from the Minangkabau highland in Central Sumatra by different routes.

The two adats are believed to have been called after two legendary law givers, Dato Pepateh Nan Sabatang and Dato Ketemenggungan. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It is based on the characteristic of the patrilineal form of organisation.

In other words, these tribal saying derived its legal characteristic because it is the expression of an instinctive sense of right and the common consciousness of the people. Adat has play a major role in Malay community for many centuries as “adat” has reflected the importances of their lives. Retrieved 3 October This method is express in a saying: Though both the adat originated from tribal organization in the past, it is in adat pepateh that is the remnants of tribal structure are clearly evident.

Sultan Iskandar Shah derived great profit and satisfaction by the prosperity of trade in Malacca.

Adat Pepatih Archives – Viddsee BUZZ

Adat constant and coherent system. Remember me on this computer. It is a command of the sovereign backed by sanction. The early missionaries of Islam peatih out that officials were administering a system of Hindu customary law and the Malays were very much influenced by mysticism and they tried very hard to change that in compliance with the Islamic teachings using every method of propaganda at their comand.

Unlike Adat Perpatih, the laws in Adat Temenggung are harsh – punishment is imposed as retribution. Peatih study on adat will not only reflect its legal consequences but also the way of life and the identity of the Malays itself.


The justice to the adat temenggong was a cruel and pityless hi justice. Litigation — in cases where the litigants did not take the law in their own hands, it become a matter of diplomatic negotiation pepatiy the nobles who championed pepatig side. Adat perpatih is similar to Oceanian matrilineal inheritance in the sense that both pe;atih practise inalienable possessions. Evidence of this common matrilineal source still shows in the laws of property and inheritance of lands in such autocratic states such as Perak, Pahang and Selangor which are identical with those in Negeri Sembilan.

Patrilineal is a system in which one belongs to the father’s lineage; it generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles from fathers to sons.

Ustomary law in malaysia | MohdNazeri Bin Noor Noor –

This is one of the ways where a chief continue to preserve his sovereignity over his people. Will cannot dispose off the Adatproperties and female members tribe can only inherited in equal shares.

The unique characteristic of Adat Perpatih is its matrilineal form of organisation. According to adat temenggong the laws were in the lands of the rulers assisted by his Bendahara Prime Ministerthe Temenggong Chief of Police and several Menteri Ministers while outside territories were administered through Mandulika Governors. Instead of being a subject of pepaith god king, their perspective of the world has widen. Addat chiefs could not initiate attack on an individual.